Table 1

Demographic distribution and viral prevalence in specimens tested, by camp, Kenya, September 2007-August 2010

Total (N = 6264)

n (%)

Location

Case classification


Kakuma (N = 3323)

n (%)

Dadaab (N = 2941)

n (%)

ILI1

(N = 1815)

n (%)

SARI2

(N = 4449)

n (%)


Gender

Male

3394 (54.2)

1800 (54.2)

1594 (54.2)

939 (51.7)

2455 (55.2)

Female

2870 (45.8)

1523 (45.8)

1347 (45.8)

876 (48.3)

1994 (44.8)


Age

< 1 years

2292 (36.6)

1228 (37.0)

1064 (36.2)

520 (28.7)

1772 (39.8)

1 - < 2 years

1379 (22.0)

798 (24.0)

581 (19.8)

361 (19.9)

1018 (22.9)

2 - < 5 years

1467 (23.4)

815 (24.5)

652 (22.2)

497 (27.4)

970 (21.8)

≥ 5 years

1126 (18.0)

482 (14.5)

644 (21.9)

437 (24.1)

689 (15.5)


Nationality

Somali

3891 (62.1)

980 (29.5)

2911 (99.0)

996 (54.9)

2895 (65.1)

Sudanese

1441 (23.0)

1431 (43.1)

10 (0.3)

407 (22.4)

1034 (23.2)

Kenyan

591 (9.4)

578 (17.4)

13 (0.4)

315 (17.4)

276 (6.2)

Ethiopian

183 (2.9)

178 (5.4)

5 (0.2)

59 (3.6)

124 (2.8)

Other3

158 (2.5)

156 (4.7)

2 (0.1)

38 (2.1)

120 (2.7)


Infection prevalence

Adenovirus

1361 (21.7)

815 (24.5)

546 (18.6)

352 (19.4)

1009 (22.7)

RSV

781 (12.5)

364 (11.0)

417 (14.2)

155 (8.5)

626 (14.1)

hMPV

359 (5.7)

180 (5.4)

179 (6.1)

93 (5.1)

266 (6.0)

Parainfluenza

591 (9.4)

319 (9.6)

272 (9.3)

155 (8.5)

436 (9.8)

Influenza A

607 (9.7)

300 (9.0)

307 (10.4)

197 (10.9)

410 (9.2)

Influenza B

161 (2.6)

75 (2.3)

86 (2.9)

55 (3.0)

106 (2.4)

At least one virus

3119 (49.8)

1642 (49.4)

1477 (50.2)

837 (46.1)

2282 (51.3)


1Influenza-like illness; 2Severe acute respiratory infection; 3Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Uganda

Ahmed et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:7   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-7

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