Table 1

Characteristics at admission
Characteristics Number of patients (%)
Male 65 (64%)
Age, median (range) 47 (16–81)
Comorbidities * 47 (46%)
Diabetes 6 (6%)
Alcohol 4 (4%)
Malignancy 6 (6%)
Renal failure 4 (4%)
Surgery 8 (8%)
IVDU 7 (7%)
HIV 2 (2%)
Congenital heart disease/endocarditis 4 (4%)
Other 11 (11%)
Presenting symptoms and signs
Fever 61 (60%)
Neck stiffness 26 (25%)- missing data on 10% of patients
Headache 73 (72%)
Nausea/ vomiting 41 (40%)
Focal neurological deficits 58 (57%)
Seizures 21 (21%)
Impaired consciousness 46 (45%)
Fever and headache and nausea/vomiting 20 (20%)
Fever and headache and focal deficits 23 (23%)
GCS at presentation
12-15 79 (77%)
8-11 10 (10%)
<8 9(9%)
Missing GCS- score 4 (5%)

*: 12 patients had more than one comorbidity. GCS: Glasgow Coma Score, IVDU: Intravenous Drug User.

Helweg-Larsen et al.

Helweg-Larsen et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:332   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-332

Open Data