Table 2

Multiple logistic regression of potential care-seeking risk factors for severe disease among studied children (n = 483)
Risk factor for disease severity Total number of cases ** Cases with severe disease (%) OR AOR
Symptoms duration
1-2 days 246 121 (49.2) ref ref
3-4 days 137 102 (74.5) 3.0 (1.9-4.8)* 2.9 (1.8-4.7)*
5 or more days 100 70 (70.0) 2.4 (1.5-4.0)* 2.1 (1.3-3.6)*
First Rx PCM alone for 24 hrs or more
No 299 203 (67.9%) 2.0 (1.3-2.9)* 1.8 (1.2-2.7)*
Yes 170 88 (51.8%) ref ref
Source of first Rx other than PCM
Home/local or drug shop 123 95 (77.2) 2.9 (1.8-4.7)* 3.2 (1.9-5.2)*
Private hospital 25 16 (64.0) 1.5 (0.7-3.5) 1.9 (0.8-4.8)
Public hospital 330 178 (53.9) ref ref
Local herbs use
No 433 259 (59.8) ref ref
Yes 50 34 (68.0) 1.4 (0.8-2.7) 1.4 (0.7-2.8)
Use of nearer PHC facility
No 191 93 (48.7) ref ref
Yes 132 110 (83.3) 5.3 (3.1-9.0)* 5.2 (3.0-9.1)*

OR – Unadjusted odds ratio (from bivariate analysis). AOR - Adjusted for child’s Age and Sex, and Caretakers Education and socio-economic status (SES).

* - significant findings.

**- Varying total due to missing cases.

PCM = paracetamol. Rx = treatment. PHC = primary health care.

Kahabuka et al.

Kahabuka et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:219   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-219

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