Table 2

Clinical diagnosis and characteristics of infection in confirmed IPD cases, by age group
Age (y)
Confirmed IPD <2 2-4
(n = 15) (n = 7) (n = 8) P-value§
Diagnosis (ICD-9) 0.189
 Pneumonia 8 (53.3) 2 (28.6) 6 (75.0)
 Bacteremia 4 (26.7) 2 (28.6) 2 (25.0)
 Septicemia 2 (13.3) 2 (28.6) ---
 Meningitis 1 (6.7) 1 (14.2) ---
 Rectal body temperature >38°C (yes) 13 (86.7) 6 (85.7) 7 (87.5) 1.000
C-reactive protein (mg/L) 1.000
 10–40 3 (20.0) 1 (14.2) 2 (25.0)
 41–200 7 (46.7) 4 (57.2) 3 (37.5)
 >200 5 (33.3) 2 (28.6) 3 (37.5)
Median (range) leucocytes (x109/L) 22.4 (12.9-41.0) 29.2 (17.8-41.0) 20.7 (12.9-26.4) 0.189

Data are number (percentage within group) of children, except leucocytes.

§Significance of difference between age groups (Fisher’s exact test or Mann Whitney U test).

Riva et al.

Riva et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:106   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-106

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