Table 2

Risk factors associated with HSV-2 seroprevalence among pregnant women in Northeast India (n = 1640).

Characteristics (n)

HSV-2 Sero

Prevalence

n (%)

Univariate analysis

Multivariate analysis

OR

95%

C.I.

p value

AOR

95%

C.I.

p value


Age groups

18 to 21 yrs (355)

23 (6.5)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

22 to 25 yrs (592)

62 (10.5)

1.69

1.03-2.78

0.04

1.90

1.09-3.31

0.02

26 to 29 yrs (385)

28 (7.3)

1.13

0.64-2.01

0.67

1.52

0.81-2.87

0.19

> 29 yrs (308)

29 (9.4)

1.50

0.85-2.65

0.16

2.29

1.19-4.39

0.01

States

Manipur (402)

11 (2.7)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

Assam (300)

12 (4.0)

1.48

0.64-3.40

0.36

2.30

0.96-5.48

0.06

Meghalaya (400)

42 (10.5)

4.17

2.11-8.22

< 0.001

5.13

2.52-10.43

< 0.001

Mizoram (231)

31 (13.4)

5.51

2.71-11.2

< 0.001

4.51

2.15-9.49

< 0.001

Arunachal Pradesh (307)

46 (15.0)

6.27

3.19-12.3

< 0.001

11.49

5.18-25.48

< 0.001

Occupation

Unskilled worker (75)

12 (6.9)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

House wife (1310)

105 (8.0)

1.18

0.64-2.20

0.59

1.55

0.80-3.00

0.20

Business (45)

6 (13.3)

2.09

0.74-5.92

0.17

2.28

0.72-7.20

0.16

Regular employee (110)

19 (17.3)

2.84

1.32-6.11

0.008

3.45

1.35-8.81

0.01

Education

Graduate & above (115)

6 (5.2)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

Secondary (462)

42 (9.1)

1.82

0.75-4.38

0.18

2.57

0.92-7.19

0.07

Primary & less (1063)

94 (8.8)

1.76

0.75-4.12

0.19

3.73

1.29-10.75

0.02

Type of family

Joint (616)

35 (5.7)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

Nuclear (990)

99 (10.4)

1.93

1.30-2.88

0.001

1.66

1.08-2.57

0.02

Single (74)

8 (10.8)

2.01

0.90-4.52

0.090

1.72

0.64-4.64

0.28

Income group

Low (1177)

85 (7.2)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

Middle (463)

57 (12.3)

1.80

1.27-2.57

0.001

2.15

1.39-3.31

0.001

Coitarchal age

> 30 yrs (29)

1 (3.4)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

18 to 30 yrs (1335)

91 (6.8)

2.05

0.28-15.2

0.48

2.36

0.29-19.40

0.43

< 18 yrs (218)

48 (22.0)

7.91

1.05-59.6

0.045

9.59

1.13-81.65

0.04

No response (58)

2 (3.4)

1.00

0.09-11.5

1.00

0.60

0.05-7.83

0.70

Alcohol use

Never user (1267)

97 (7.7)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

Regular & occasional users (373)

45 (12.1)

1.66

1.14-2.41

0.008

1.18

0.74-1.86

0.49

Sex partner

Single (1601)

134 (8.4)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

More than 1 (39)

8 (20.5)

2.83

1.27-6.27

0.01

2.50

1.02-6.13

0.045

Condom use

Regular & occasional users (341)

18 (5.3)

Ref

--

--

Ref

--

--

Never user (1299)

124 (9.5)

1.9

1.14-3.15

0.01

4.73

2.51-8.91

< 0.001


AOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio; 95% CI: 95% confidence interval; Coitarchal age: age at first intercourse

Biswas et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:325   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-325

Open Data