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Open Access Case report

A case of native valve endocarditis caused by Burkholderia cepacia without predisposing factors

Hyun Kyun Ki*, Sung Hea Kim, Seong Woo Han and Hae Suk Cheong

Author Affiliations

Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-729, Korea

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2011, 11:114  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-114

Published: 8 May 2011

Abstract

Background

Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. This infection is known to occur particularly in immunocompromised hosts, intravenous heroin users, and in patients with prosthetic valve replacement. Most patients with Burkholderia cepacia endocarditis usually need surgical treatment in addition to antimicrobial treatment.

Case Presentation

Here, we report the case of a patient who developed Burkholderia cepacia-induced native valve endocarditis with consequent cerebral involvement without any predisposing factors; she was successfully treated by antimicrobial agents only.

Conclusion

In this report, we also present literature review of relevant cases.

Keywords:
Burkholderia cepacia; Endocarditis; Native valve