A case of native valve endocarditis caused by Burkholderia cepacia without predisposing factors
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-729, Korea
BMC Infectious Diseases 2011, 11:114 doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-114Published: 8 May 2011
Infective endocarditis is rarely caused by Burkholderia cepacia. This infection is known to occur particularly in immunocompromised hosts, intravenous heroin users, and in patients with prosthetic valve replacement. Most patients with Burkholderia cepacia endocarditis usually need surgical treatment in addition to antimicrobial treatment.
Here, we report the case of a patient who developed Burkholderia cepacia-induced native valve endocarditis with consequent cerebral involvement without any predisposing factors; she was successfully treated by antimicrobial agents only.
In this report, we also present literature review of relevant cases.