Table 1

Characteristics of admitted patients included in the study

Variable

Pediatric patients

Adult patients

Negative

Positive

Negative

Positive


(N = 172)

(N = 4)

(N = 279)

(N = 18)

Male sex (%)

101 (58.7)

2 (50.0)

157(56.3)

10 (55.6)

Mean age, years (SD)

4.1 (4.2)

7.8 (5.1)

54.1 (18.3)

59.8 (22.7)

Transfer (%)#

18 (10.5)

0 (0.0)

12 (4.3)

2 (11.1)

Admission by ER (%)

105 (61.0)

2 (50.0)

223 (79.9)

15 (83.3)

Median LOS, days (IQR)

8.0 (12.0)

11.0 (32.0)

11.0 (16.0)

14.0 (12.0)

Hospital admission last year (%)

Median N admissions(IQR)*

116 (67.4)

1.0 (3.0)

4 (100.0)

2.0 (5.0)

163 (58.4)

1 (2.0)

16 (88.9)

4(5.0)

Ambulatory care (%)§

27 (15.7)

1 (25.0)

50 (17.9)

4 (22.2)

Previous MRSA (%)

30 (17.4)

2 (50.0)

22 (7.9)

1 (5.6)

Antimicrobials 2 wks before (%)

66 (38.4)

2 (50.0)

75 (26.9)

9 (50.0)

Corticosteroids 2 wks before (%)

30 (17.4)

1(25.0)

23 (8.2)

3 (16.7)

Immunosupressors 2 wks before (%)

4 (2.3)

0 (0.0)

15 (5.4)

0 (0.0)

Skin lesions (%)

38 (22.1)

1 (25.0)

55 (19.7)

3 (16.7)

HIV infection (%)

5 (2.9)

0 (0)

31 (11.1)

1 (5.6)

Diabetes mellitus (%)

2 (1.2)

1 (25.0)

53 (19.0)

4 (22.2)

Any neoplasia (%)

33 (19.2)

1 (25.0)

4 (30.1)

5 (27.8)

Pulmonary disease (%)

37 (21.6)

2 (50.0)

31 (11.1)

1 (5.6)


ER: Emergency Room, LOS: length of stay, IQR: interquartile range, wks: weeks, MRSA: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus HIV: human immunodeficiency virus

# Transfer from another hospital or long term care facility

* in patients with at least one admission in the last year

§ Ambulatory care due chronic condition: dialysis and/or chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy

¶ Cystic Fibrosis, Asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Santos et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:328   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-328

Open Data