Table 1

Distribution of demographics and sexual behaviour by HIV status and presence of high-risk HPV infection among female sex workers in Mombasa Kenya

HIV-negative women

HIV-positive women



Variable

All women

No high-risk HPV

High-risk HPV

P

No high-risk HPV

High-risk HPV

P


Age n/N (%)

17-24

232/817 (28.4)

81/272 (29.8)

88/229 (38.4)

13/73 (17.8)

38/199 (19.1)

25-29

216/817 (26.4)

72/272 (26.5)

64/229 (28.0)

14/73 (19.2)

54/199 (27.1)

30-39

246/817 (30.1)

84/272 (30.9)

55/229 (24.0)

28/73 (38.4)

68/199 (34.2)

≥40

123/817 (15.1)

35/272 (12.9)

22/229 (9.6)

0.02†

18/73 (24.7)

39/199 (19.6)

0.26†

median years (IQR)¥

28 (24-36)

28 (23-35)

27 (22-32)

0.02

32 (27-39)

30 (26-38)

0.27


Religion n/N (%)

Catholic

255/820 (31.1)

76/274 (27.7)

67/229 (29.3)

26/73 (35.6)

77/200 (38.5)

Muslim

236/820 (28.8)

89/274 (32.5)

78/229 (34.1)

12/73 (16.4)

42/200 (21.0)

Protestant

313/820 (38.2)

101/274 (36.9)

78/229 (34.1)

34/73 (46.6)

80/200 (40.0)

Other

16/820 (2.0)

8/274 (2.9)

6/229 (2.6)

0.92

1/73 (1.4)

1/200 (0.5)

0.62


Education level n/N (%)

Never attended school

82/820 (10.0)

33/274 (12.0)

17/229 (7.4)

6/73 (8.2)

22/200 (11.0)

Primary school

513/820 (62.6)

164/274 (59.9)

148/229 (64.6)

45/73 (61.6)

128/200 (64.0)

Secondary school

202/817 (24.8)

67/274 (24.5)

57/229 (24.9)

20/73 (27.4)

49/200 (24.5)

Tertiary education

22/817 (2.7)

10/274 (3.7)

7/229 (3.1)

0.35

2/73 (2.7)

1/200 (0.5)

0.38


Marital status n/N (%)

Never married

346/818 (42.3)

113/274 (41.2)

109/228 (47.8)

25/73 (34.3)

78/199 (39.2)

Married or cohabitating

23/818 (2.8)

15/274 (5.1)

4/228 (1.8)

0/0 (0)

5/199 (2.5)

Separated, divorced or widowed

449/818 (54.9)

147/274 (53.7)

115/228 (50.4)

0.07

48/73 (65.8)

116/199 (58.3)

0.26


Number of live children n/N (%)

0

114/819 (13.9)

39/274 (14.7)

29/229 (12.7)

16/73 (21.9)

18/199 (9.1)

1

223/819 (27.2)

66/274 (25.1)

78/229 (34.1)

10/73 (13.7)

60/199 (30.2)

2-3

331/819 (40.4)

119/274 (41.9)

85/229 (37.1)

29/73 (39.7)

82/199 (41.2)

≥4

151/819 (18.4)

50/274 (18.4)

37/229 (16.2)

0.11

18/73 (24.7)

39/199 (19.6)

0.004


Workplace n/N (%)

Bar or nightclub

580/820 (70.7)

179/274 (65.3)

167/229 (72.9)

52/73 (71.2)

149/200 (74.5)

Home

163/820 (19.9)

63/274 (23.0)

44/229 (19.2)

14/73 (19.2)

33/200 (16.5)

Street

54/820 (6.6)

23/274 (8.4)

10/229 (4.4)

4/73 (5.5)

16/200 (8.0)

Hotel, guest house or other

23/820 (2.8)

9/274 (3.3)

8/229 (3.5)

0.17

3/73 (4.1)

2/200 (1.0)

0.31


Age started sex work mean years (sd) |

23.9 (6.8)

23.7 (6.4)

22.6 (6.7)

0.07

25.6 (7.0)

25.3 (7.2)

0.73


Duration of sex work median years (IQR)¥

4 (2 - 8)

4 (2-8)

4 (2-7)

0.51

6 (3-10)

5 (3-8)

0.24


Number of partners median in past week (IQR)¥

3 (2 - 6)

3 (2-6)

3 (2-6)

0.59

3 (2-5)

3 (1-6)

0.80


Condom use at last sex with client n/N (%)

661/819 (80.7)

210/273 (76.9)

195/229 (85.2)

0.02

58/73 (79.5)

161/200 (80.5)

0.85


Condom use (clients) n/N (%)

Never

17/820 (2.1)

11/274 (4.0)

3/229 (1.3)

1/73 (1.4)

1/200 (0.5)

Inconsistent

285/820 (34.8)

102/274 (37.2)

78/229 (34.1)

28/73 (38.4)

62/200 (31.0)

Always

518/820 (63.2)

161/274 (58.8)

148/229 (64.6)

0.12

44/73 (60.3)

137/200 (68.5)

0.37


Chi2 test unless indicated. ¥ Mann-Whitney U test; † chi-square test for trend; | Student's t test^ Infection with HPV type 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68 defined as high-risk HPV infection

Luchters et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:18   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-18

Open Data