Table 3

Univariate analysis of in-hospital-mortality: echocardiographic characteristics, complications and treatment.

Variable

Alive N = 497

Deaths

N = 208

RR

95% CI

P


Duration of symptoms (days)

Mean ± SD

40.5 ± 84

20.3 ± 27.4

<0.001


Septic shock

Yes

24 (27.9)

62 (72.1)

3.05

2.51-

<0.001

No

473 (76.4)

146 (23.6)

3.70


Severe heart failure

Yes

101 (57.1)

76 (42.9)

1.75

1.59-

<0.001

(Admission)

No

397 (75,1)

131 (24,9)

3.25


Severe heart failure

Yes

150 (53.2)

132 (46.8)

2.60

2.05-

<0.001

(Evolution)

No

347 (82)

76 (18)

3.31


Renal insufficiency

Yes

99 (52.1)

91 (47.9)

2.15

1.79-

<0.001

No

397 (77.8)

113 (22.2)

2.69


Neurologic

Yes

113 (57.9)

82 (42.1)

1.70

1.36-

<0.001

manifestations

No

384 (75.3)

126 (24.7)

2.12


Perivalvular Extension

Yes

44 (51.2)

42 (48.8)

1.82

1.41-2.34

<0.001

No

453 (73.2)

166 (26.8)


Vegetations in echocardiography

Present

362 (68.8)

164 (31.2)

1.29

0.95-

0.075

Absent

133 (75.4)

44 (24.6)

1.68


Vegetations > 20 mm*

Yes

35 (63.6)

20 (36.4)

1.40

0.96-

0.070

No

402 (74)

141 (26)

2.04


Additive euro SCORE

Mean ± SD

7.86 ± 3.65

12.39 ± 3.07

<0.001


Surgical treatment

Yes

180 (67.2)

88 (32.8)

1.19

0.95-

0.07

No

317 (72.5)

120 (27.5)

1.50


Not performed surgery¶

Yes

7 (13.2)

46 (86.8)

19,8

8.80-

<0.001

No

490 (75.2)

162(24.8)

7

44.89


Data are expressed as number of cases (%) except when indicated.

* Size of vegetations measured in 598 patients. ¶Surgery indicated but not performed

Gálvez-Acebal et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:17   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-17

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