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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Insights into age- and sickle-cell-disease- interaction using principal components analysis

Mamta Sharma1, Manju R Mamtani2, Manik Amin2, Tushar P Thakre23, Smita Sharma1, Amit Amin2 and Hemant Kulkarni2*

Author Affiliations

1 Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, India

2 Lata Medical Research Foundation, Nagpur, India

3 Department of Integrative Physiology, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA

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BMC Blood Disorders 2006, 6:3  doi:10.1186/1471-2326-6-3

Published: 4 September 2006

Abstract

Background

In the context of sickle cell anemia, peripheral blood indexes provide key information that is also potentially influenced by age. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the extent and nature of interactions between sickle cell anemia and age, especially in situations where there is a high prevalence of sickle cell anemia.

Methods

In a cross-sectional study of 374 subjects with varying hemoglobin S (HbS) status, we characterized the interaction between age and sickle hemoglobin using principal components analysis.

Results

Factor analysis in subjects with hemoglobin AA identified three orthogonal factors – normal erythropoiesis, presence of thalassemia and the aggregability potential of the blood. These three factors were differentially associated with hemoglobin status. Age influenced the association of factors #2 and #3 with hemoglobin status.

Conclusion

Our findings suggest that the interaction between age and hemoglobin status needs to be considered in both clinical and public health settings.