Table 3

Independent factors associated with depressed mood: multivariable logistic regression analyses
Likelihood of depressed mood Likelihood of depressed mood in a model also adjusted for functional decrease and IADL difficulties
Odds ratio 95% CI, p-value Odds ratio 95% CI, p-value
All subjects (n = 793)
Depression
 No 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 3.39 1.93 – 5.96, p < 0.001 3.40 1.93 – 5.97, p < 0.001
Glaucoma
 No 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 2.39 1.06 – 5.40, p = 0.036 2.38 1.05 – 5.38, p = 0.038
Vision screen
 VFQ-not poor vision 1.00 - 1.00 -
 VFQ-poor vision 2.37 1.41 – 3.99, p = 0.001 2.34 1.38 – 3.97, p = 0.002
Self-perceived general health
 Excellent or good 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Fair or poor 2.17 1.31 – 3.61, p = 0.003 2.12 1.24 – 3.62, p = 0.006
Hearing screen
 Not poor hearing 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Poor hearing 1.87 1.12 – 3.11, p = 0.016 1.87 1.12 – 3.11, p = 0.016
Sex
 Male 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Female 1.74 1.07 – 2.83, p = 0.025 1.72 1.04 – 2.83, p = 0.033
Pain
 No pain 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Pain 1.17 1.04 – 1.32, p = 0.009 1.17 1.04 – 1.32, p = 0.012
No self-reported previous diagnosis of depression (n = 710)
Glaucoma
 No 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 2.70 1.16 – 6.31, p = 0.022 2.98 1.28 – 6.98, p = 0.012
Vision screen
 VFQ-not poor vision 1.00 - 1.00 -
 VFQ-poor vision 2.51 1.39 – 4.53, p = 0.002 2.25 1.23 – 4.12, p = 0.009
Self-perceived general health
 Excellent or good 1.00 - - -
 Fair or poor 1.98 1.12 – 3.49, p = 0.018 - -
Hearing screen
 Not poor hearing - - 1.00 -
 Poor hearing - - 1.78 1.02 – 3.12, p = 0.043
Pain
 No pain 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Pain 1.21 1.06 – 1.38, p = 0.005 1.21 1.06 – 1.38, p = 0.005

Biddulph et al.

Biddulph et al. BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:5   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-14-5

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