Table 2

Association between depressed mood, and health problems and function: univariable logistic regression analyses, and logistic regression analyses adjusting for functional impairment (n ≤ 1085)
Likelihood of depressed mood Likelihood of depressed mood adjusted for functional impairment***
% with depressed mood (no. with depressed mood/ no. of subjects) Association with depressed mood ( p )* Odds ratio 95% CI Odds ratio 95% CI
Self-reported previously diagnosed physical/mental health conditions
High blood pressure 0.612
 No 14 (76/561) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 15 (76/513) 1.11 0.79 – 1.56 1.00 0.69 – 1.44
Coronary heart disease, heart attack or heart failure 0.376
 No 14 (128/933) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 17 (24/142) 1.28 0.79 - 2.06 1.03 0.61 - 1.73
Stroke 0.187
 No 14 (144/1027) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 22 (10/45) 1.75 0.85 – 3.62 1.12 0.50 – 2.53
Chronic bronchitis or emphysema 0.285
 No 14 (143/1028) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 21 (9/43) 1.64 0.77 – 3.49 0.90 0.36 – 2.24
Asthma 1.000
 No 14 (130/919) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 14 (21/149) 1.00 0.61 – 1.64 0.75 0.43 – 1.33
Arthritis or rheumatism 0.043
 No 12 (77/622) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 17 (75/442) 1.45 1.02 – 2.04 1.18 0.80 – 1.74
Osteoporosis 0.001
 No 13 (127/980) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 26 (23/89) 2.34 1.41 – 3.90 1.74 0.99 – 3.06
Diabetes 0.542
 No 14 (140/994) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 17 (14/81) 1.27 0.70 – 2.33 0.95 0.50 – 1.82
Depression <0.001
 No 11 (106/948) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 36 (45/124) 4.52 2.98 – 6.87 4.25 2.73 – 6.62
Emotional or mental illness other than depression 0.064**
 No 14 (141/1037) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 26 (8/31) 2.21 0.97 – 5.04 1.94 0.83 – 4.52
Glaucoma <0.001
 No 13 (132/1011) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 35 (21/60) 3.59 2.05 – 6.28 3.34 1.82 – 6.14
Irreversible/untreatable retinal disease 0.421**
 No 14 (146/1042) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 20 (6/30) 1.53 0.62 – 3.82 1.05 0.35 – 3.16
Cataracts 0.019
 No 13 (109/848) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 19 (43/223) 1.62 1.10 – 2.39 1.24 0.81 – 1.91
Other health and functional measures
Pain <0.001
 No pain 9 (56/614) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Pain 19 (76/402) 2.32 1.60 – 3.37 1.96 1.31 – 2.95
Self-perceived general health <0.001
 Excellent or good 10 (81/839) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Fair or poor 30 (70/237) 3.92 2.73 – 5.63 2.78 1.84 – 4.21
Functional change <0.001
 No 9 (45/504) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Yes 19 (102/541) 2.37 1.63 – 3.45 1.29 0.77 – 2.17
Functional decrease <0.001
 No 9 (60/649) 1.00 - - -
 Yes 22 (84/378) 2.80 1.96 – 4.02 - -
IADL <0.001
 Without difficulty or  need for human assistance 10 (71/680) 1.00 - - -
 With difficulty or need  for human assistance 20 (75/368) 2.20 1.54 – 3.13 - -
Vision related difficulties screen <0.001
 VFQ-not poor vision 10 (88/843) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 VFQ-poor vision 33 (58/178) 4.15 2.83 – 6.08 3.44 2.25 – 5.25
Hearing related difficulties screen <0.001
 Not poor hearing 12 (92/788) 1.00 - 1.00 -
 Poor hearing 22 (45/203) 2.15 1.45 – 3.20 1.89 1.24 – 2.88

*Chi-squared with Yates’ continuity correction; **2-sided Fisher’s exact test; ***Adjusted for functional decrease and IADL difficulties.

Biddulph et al.

Biddulph et al. BMC Geriatrics 2014 14:5   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-14-5

Open Data