Table 3

Association between prevalent diseases and falls among institutionalized older adults in Madrid, Spain
Disease (prevalence, %) Crude RR RRa (95% CI) RRb (95% CI)
Cancer (8.7) 2.47 2.89 (1.21-6.91) 1.58 (0.70-3.55)
Obstructive pulmonary disease (19.3) 2.37 2.78 (1.47-5.23) 1.60 (0.91-2.81)
Arrhythmias (22.3) 3.10 3.36 (1.80-6.30) 2.00 (1.05-3.81)
Hypertension (45.1) 1.53 1.54 (0.86-2.75) 1.03 (0.59-1.82)
Ischemic heart disease (16.8) 1.12 0.94 (0.50-1.76) 0.62 (0.33-1.18)
Congestive heart failure (20.2) 2.43 2.16 (1.15-4.04) 0.99 (0.59-1.67)
Peripheral arterial disease (26.9) 2.52 2.91 (1.62-5.20) 1.62 (0.93-2.82)
Stroke in past year (6.4) 1.66 1.96 (0.50-7.80) 1.79 (0.28-11.59)
Diabetes (17.6) 1.31 1.09 (0.58-2.03) 0.87 (0.53-1.43)
Anemia (17.8) 2.86 2.84 (1.49-5.41) 1.54 (0.85-2.79)
Alzheimer's disease (14.1)c 1.25 0.92 (0.42-2.06) 1.56 (0.67-3.66)
Other dementias (20.6)c 1.30 1.09 (0.56-2.12) 1.21 (0.65-2.25)
Parkinson's disease (7.7) 1.91 1.14 (0.57-2.29) 1.09 (0.57-2.09)
Epilepsy (3.9) 1.41 1.24 (0.48-3.18) 0.80 (0.35-1.84)
Depression (21.0) 2.31 2.49 (1.38-4.50) 1.55 (0.95-2.51)
Anxiety disorder (26.7) 2.34 2.39 (1.38-4.15) 1.75 (0.88-3.46)
Arthritis (34.3) 1.83 1.80 (0.95-3.41) 1.65 (0.85-3.22)

Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; RR = rate ratio.

a Rate ratio adjusted for age, sex, cognitive status, and functional dependence.

b Additionally adjusted for modified number of diseases, and number of medications.

c These models did not include cognitive status.

Damián et al.

Damián et al. BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:6   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-6

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