Table 1

Crude odds ratios for dizziness in 391 community-dwelling older adults
Correlates No dizzy n (%) Dizzy n (%) p-Value Odds ratio 95% CI
Female gender 123 (57.2) 126 (71.6) 0.003 1.88 1.23-2.88
Age Group (ref 65–69 years)
65-69 years 84 (39.1) 64 (36.4)
70-74 years 58 (27.0) 60 (34.1) 0.217 1.35 0.83-2.20
75-79 years 41 (19.1) 30 (17.0) 0.890 0.96 0.54-1.70
80 years and over 32 (14.9) 22 (12.5) 0.750 0.90 0.47-1.69
Years of Schooling (ref Illiterate)
Illiterate 52 (24.2) 46 (26.1)
1 to 4 years 86 (40.0) 77 (43.8) 0.962 1.01 0.61-1.67
5 to 8 years 41 (19.1) 25 (14.2) 0.252 0.68 0.36-1.30
9 years and over 36 (16.7) 28 915.9) 0.690 0.87 0.46-1.65
Income level (ref up to 1)
Up to 1 125 (59.5) 104 (61.9)
1.0 to 3.0 59 (28.1) 45 (26.8) 0.715 0.91 0.57-1.46
3.1 and over 26 (12.4) 19 (11.3) 0.694 0.87 0.46-1.67
Living alone (yes) 28 (13.0) 33 (18.0) 0.122 1.541 0.890–2.668
Health Perception (ref very good)
Very good 117 (54.4) 63 (35.8)
Average 84 (39.1) 97 (55.1) <0.001 2.14 1.40-3.27
Bad and Very Bad 14 (6.5) 16 (9.1) 0.059 2.12 0.97-4.63
Diseases
Heart disease 31 (14.4) 39 (22.2) 0.048 1.69 1.04-2.84
Hypertension 145 (67.4) 127 (72.2) 0.314 1.25 0.80-1.93
Stroke 9 (4.2) 8 (4.5) 0.862 1.09 0.41-2.88
Diabetes 46 (21.4) 36 (20.5) 0.820 0.94 0.57-1.54
Arthritis 75 (34.9) 75 (42.6) 0.118 1.38 0.92-2.08
Pulmomary disease 19 (8.8) 12 (6.8) 0.463 0.75 0.35-1.60
Osteoporosis 58 (27.0) 73 (41.5) 0.003 1.91 1.25-2.93
Geriatric Conditions
Fatigue 47 (21.9) 73 (41.5) <0.001 2.53 1.63-3.93
Polypharmacy 46 (21.4) 41 (23.3) 0.653 1.11 0.69-1.79
Comorbidity 133 (61.9) 121 (68.8) 0.156 1.35 0.89-2.06
Memory problems 90 (41.9) 96 (54.5) 0.013 1.66 1.11-2.49
Excessive sleepiness 30 (14.0) 46 (26.1) 0.003 2.18 1.30-3.64
Fear of falling 129 (60.0) 131 (74.4) 0.003 1.94 1.25-2.99
Depressive symptoms 44 (20.5) 74 (42.0) <0.001 2.82 1.80-4.40
Geriatric Syndromes
Falls 71 (33.2) 75 (42.9) 0.050 1.51 0.99-2.28
Recurrent falls 23 (10.7) 41 (23.4) 0.001 2.54 1.45-4.43
No frail (ref) 90 (41.9) 54 (30.7)
Pre Frail § 101 (47.0) 98 (55.7) 0.031 1.61 1.04-2.50
Frail § 24 (11.2) 24 (13.6) 0.129 1.66 0.83-3.21
Disability (ref 0 ADLs) 16 (7.4) 24 (13.6) 0.047 1.96 1.00-3.82

Notes: MWS= Minimum Wage Salary; ADL = Activities of Daily Living.

Income Level is presented in Minimum Wage Salaries.

Depressive symptoms identified by ≥ 5 points in Geriatric Depression Scale.

§ Pre –Frail and frail identified by 1 or 2 and 3 or more of the following criteria, respectively: unintentional weight loss, weaknesses, low physical activity, slow walking speed and fatigue.

†† Number of missing values: Income Level = 13 (3.3%), Fall = 2 (0.5%); Recurrent Falls = 2 (0.5%).

de Moraes et al.

de Moraes et al. BMC Geriatrics 2013 13:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-13-4

Open Data