Table 1

Secondary Outcome Measures for BTB Trial


Description of Measure

# of Items

Functional difficulties

Level of difficulty (1 no difficulty to 5 unable to do due to health problem) with items reflecting ambulation, self-care and instrumental activities of daily living [31].


Depression knowledge

Self-efficacy concerning ability to recognize and treat depression rated from absolutely confident (4) to not confident at all (1) [32].


Behavioral Activation

Behavioral Activation Scale (Abbreviated) contains items rated on a scale from 0 not at all to 6 completely and address activation in a range of daily activities (e.g., stayed in bed too long; I accomplished the goals I set out to do to) [33].



State Anxiety Scale in which items are endorsed as 1 (very much) to 4 (not at all) [34].


Quality of daily life

Adapted from the Perceived Change Index, items reflect mood, sleep quality and daily well-being rated from 1 (gotten much worse in past month) to stayed the same (3) to improved a lot (5) [35].


Overall quality of life

Adapted from the Quality of life for Alzheimer's Disease items are assessed from 1 (poor) to 4 (excellent) concerning experience of pleasure, hopefulness, positive relationships with family and friends [36].


Gitlin et al. BMC Geriatrics 2012 12:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2318-12-4

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