Delphi-research exploring essential components and preconditions for case management in people with dementia
1 INHolland University for Applied Sciences/Research Group Mental Health Nursing, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2 Geriant Mental Health Care, Department for Diagnostics and Casemanagement of Dementia (DOC-team), Heerhugowaard, The Netherlands
3 Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Faculty Master of Science in Nursing course, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands
4 Altrecht Mental Health Care, Department of Outpatient Community Care, Zeist, The Netherlands
5 NIVEL - Netherlands institute for health services research, Utrecht, The Netherlands
6 Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research (EMGO+) of VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, The Netherlands
BMC Geriatrics 2010, 10:54 doi:10.1186/1471-2318-10-54Published: 9 August 2010
Case management programmes for home-dwelling people with dementia and their informal carers exist in multiple forms and shapes. The aim of this research was to identify the essential components of case management for people with dementia as well as the preconditions for an effective delivery of case management services.
The method used to carry out the research was a modified four-phase Delphi design. First, a list of potentially essential components and preconditions for the provision of case management was drawn up on the basis of a literature review and a subsequent focus group interview. The list was then validated by experts in a first Delphi survey round, following which the researchers translated the list items into 75 statements. In the second Delphi survey, the experts rated the statements; in the third Delphi round, they rated 18 statements on which no consensus had been reached in the second round.
The experts were able to build consensus on 61 of the 75 statements. Essential components of case management for people with dementia are: information, support and counselling, coordination of the care provided and, to a lesser extent, practical help. A patient-centred approach was found to be one of the key aspects of providing case management services. Essential preconditions are: vision, care relationship, structured methodology, integration of case management into the health care chain, and the case manager's level of training and expertise.
We recommend that, based on the essential components and preconditions referred to above, quality criteria be developed for the provision of case management for people with dementia. Furthermore, we suggest the conduct of additional research to assess the effectiveness of case management in people with dementia.