Table 2

The associations between type of diarrhoea, parasites isolated and CD4 counts of 366 AIDS patients.

Parasites isolated

CD4 cells

< 200 cells/μl

CD4 cells

200–350 cells/μl

CD4 cells

350–500 cells/μl

Total


Acute cases

Chronic cases

Acute cases

Chronic cases

Acute cases

Chronic cases

n = 57

n = 179

n = 34

n = 42

n = 21

n = 33


Cryptosporidium spp.

38/57 (66.6%)

56/179 (31.2%)

11/34 (32.3%)

20/42 (47.6%)

8/21 (38%)

13/33 (39.3%)

146

Microsporidia spp.

15/57 (26.3%)

68/179 (37.9%)

5/34 (14.7%)

7/42 (16.6%)

3/21 (14.2%)

--

98

Cyclospora spp.

4/57 (7.0%)

43/179 (24.0%)

3/34 (8.8%)

28/42 (66.6%)

5/21 (23.8%)

5/33 (15.5%)

88

Giardia spp.

11/57 (19.3%)

7/179 (3.91%)

8/34 (23.5%)

4/42 (9.5%)

4/21 (19.5%)

3/33 (9.5%)

37

Entamoeba spp.

4/57 (7%)

1/179 (0.5%)

5/34 (14.7%)

--

1/21 (4.7%)

--

11

Isospora belli

--

2/179 (1.1%)

--

--

--

--

2

Hookworm

1/57 (1.7%)

6/179 (3.3%)

--

5/42 (11.9%)

2/21 (9.5%)

3/33 (9%)

17

Trichuris trichiura

--

3/179 (1.6%)

4/34 (11.7%)

--

2/21 (9.5%)

--

9

H. nana

--

1/179 (0.5%)

--

1/42 (2.3%)

--

--

2


Total

73

187

36

65

25

24

410


Figures in parentheses express the percentage (%) of parasites isolated.

Tuli et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2008 8:36   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-8-36

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