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Open Access Highly Accessed Open Badges Research article

The Canadian celiac health survey – the Ottawa chapter pilot

Ann Cranney1*, Marion Zarkadas2, Ian D Graham3 and Connie Switzer4

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

2 Canadian Celiac Association, Member of Professional Advisory Board, and of Dietitians of Canada

3 Department of Medicine and Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

4 Division of Gastroenterology and Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Chair of Professional Advisory Board, CCA, Canada

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BMC Gastroenterology 2003, 3:8  doi:10.1186/1471-230X-3-8

Published: 11 May 2003



Celiac disease may manifest with a variety of symptoms which can result in delays in diagnosis. Celiac disease is associated with a number of other medical conditions. The last national survey of members of the Canadian Celiac Association (CCA) was in 1989. Our objective was to determine the feasibility of surveying over 5,000 members of the CCA, in addition to obtaining more health related information about celiac disease.


The Professional Advisory Board of the CCA in collaboration with the University of Ottawa developed a comprehensive questionnaire on celiac disease. The questionnaire was pre-tested and then a pilot survey was conducted on members of the Ottawa Chapter of the CCA using a Modified Dillmans' Total Design method for mail surveys.


We had a 76% response to the first mailout of the questionnaire. The mean age of participants was 55.5 years and the mean age at diagnosis was 45 years. The majority of respondents presented with abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue or weight loss. Prior to diagnosis, 30% of respondents consulted four or more family doctors. Thirty seven percent of individuals were told they had either osteoporosis or osteopenia. Regarding the impact of the gluten-free diet (GFD), 45% of individuals reported that they found following a GFD was very or moderately difficult. The quality of life of individuals with celiac disease was comparable to the mean quality of life of Canadians.


On the basis of our results, we concluded that a nationwide survey is feasible and this is in progress. Important concerns included delays in the diagnosis of celiac disease and the awareness of associated medical conditions. Other issues include awareness of celiac disease by health professionals and the impact of the GFD on quality of life. These issues will be addressed further in the national survey.