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Open Access Case report

Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma without mesenchymal stroma in a female patient: a case report

Yang-Hong Dai1, Yee Hui Yeo23, Yao-Feng Li4, Chung-Bao Hsieh5 and Yu-Lueng Shih6*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

2 Department of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

3 Department of Medical Education and Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

4 Department of Pathology, Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

5 Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

6 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan

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BMC Gastroenterology 2014, 14:109  doi:10.1186/1471-230X-14-109

Published: 16 June 2014

Abstract

Background

Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma is a rare epithelial malignant neoplasm of the liver or extrahepatic bile ducts. Early diagnosis of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma is difficult because of its asymptomatic features and rarity. Moreover, the molecular pathogenesis of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma remains unclear. Herein, we described a case of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma in female with chronic hepatitis B and repeated hepatolithiasis.

Case presentation

A 65-year-old woman with medical history of latent hepatitis B virus infection, repeated choledocholisthiasis, and cholecystitis was admitted due to a heterogeneous cystic mass (5.6 cm × 4 cm) shown on abdominal ultrasonography during regular physical checkup. The patient complained about irregular bowel movements with intermittent diarrhea for two months before presentation. Computed tomography (CT) disclosed a multiloculated cystic lesion in the left hepatic lobe with the presence of intraductal stones and dilatation of intrahepatic ducts. Histological results obtained from left lobectomy specimens showed hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma without accompanied mesenchymal stroma.

Conclusion

Notably, hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma without mesenchymal stroma seldom occurs in women and is usually associated with poor prognosis. We present the rare findings in this patient and suggest that chronic inflammatory insults in the intrahepatic bile ducts might shed light on the cystadenocarcinogenesis.

Keywords:
Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma; Biliary tumors; Hepatolithiasis; Cholestasis