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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Clinical impact of a gluten-free diet on health-related quality of life in seven fibromyalgia syndrome patients with associated celiac disease

Luis Rodrigo1*, Ignacio Blanco2, Julio Bobes3 and Frederick J de Serres4

Author Affiliations

1 Gastroenterology, Central University Hospital of Asturias (HUCA), Celestino Villamil, s/n, 33006, Oviedo, Principality of Asturias, Spain

2 Biomedical Research Office of the Principality of Asturias, FICYT, c/Rosal 7–bis, 33009 Oviedo, Principality of Asturias, Spain

3 Medicine Department, Psychiatry Area, University of Oviedo, Juan Clavería 6, 33006, Oviedo, Principality of Asturias, Spain

4 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Research Triangle Park, Durham, NC 27709-2233, USA

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BMC Gastroenterology 2013, 13:157  doi:10.1186/1471-230X-13-157

Published: 9 November 2013

Abstract

Background

Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder, characterized by the presence of gastrointestinal and multisystem symptoms, which occasionally mimic those of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS). To assess the effectiveness of a Gluten-Free Diet (GFD) in seven adult female screening-detected CD subjects, categorized as severe IBS and FMS patients.

Methods

All subjects showed villous atrophy in duodenal biopsies, were HLA-DQ2/DQ8-positive, and fulfilled the Rome III and ACR 1990 criteria respectively for IBS and FMS classification. GFD effectiveness was assessed at baseline and after 1 year, examining the score changes in the Tender Points (TPs) test, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) for gastrointestinal complaints, pain and tiredness, drug prescriptions and tissue-Trans-Glutaminase (tTG) serum levels.

Results

At baseline, all patients had poor Quality of Life and VAS scores, a high number of TPs and drug prescriptions, and increased tTG levels. After 1 year of GFD, all outcome measures significantly improved, with a decrease of 51-60% in TPs, FIQ, HAQ, and VAS scales, and in the number of prescribed drugs, accompanied by an increase of 48-60% in SF-36 Physical and Mental Component Summary scores, and a decrease of tTG to normal values.

Conclusion

Results of this pilot study show that the adherence to a GFD by CD-related IBS/FMS patients can simultaneously improve CD and IBS/FMS symptoms, and indicate the merit of further research on a larger cohort.

Keywords:
Gluten-free diet; Celiac disease; Fibromyalgia syndrome; Irritable bowel syndrome; Health-related quality of life