Table 4

Comparison of T1D children with and without celiac disease
Study variables mean (± SD) Celiac disease p-value
Yes (12) No (94)
Age (year) 9.2 (2.5) 8.5(2.9) 0.38
Age at Diagnosis of T1DM (year) 6.6(2.5) 6.3(3.0) 0.80
Female gender (%) 11(92%) 51 (54%) 0.014*
Duration of T1DM (year) 2.7(2.5) 2.1(2.1) 0.38
Weight(Z-score) 0.04(0.5) −0.005(1.0) 0.88
Height (Z-score) 0.18(0.56) −0.02(1.0) 0.50
HbA1c 11.02(2.3) 10.7(2.5) 0.66
Hemoglobin (gm/dl) 12.5(1.0) 13.1(1.0) 0.08
BMI (%) 16.9(2.5) 16.5(3.6) 0.76
MCV (fl) 75.9(6.9) 79.1(5.1) 0.05
MCH (pg) 25.2(2.6) 26.4(2.0) 0.05
Serum iron (normal 9–30.4 μmol/L) 8.5 (3.7) 12.5(5.4) 0.014*
Serum calcium (normal 2.2 –2.7 mmol/L) 2.3(0.07) 2.3(0.16) 0.61
Autoimmune disease
Yes (%) 2 (16.7) 8(8.5) 0.31

T1DM= Type 1 diabetes; HbA1c= glycoselated hemoglobin; *= statistically significant result, -ve= negative; +ve= positive.

Al-Hussaini et al.

Al-Hussaini et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2012 12:180   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-12-180

Open Data