Table 2

Crude and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of esophageal cancer associated with diabetes and covariates
Crude Adjusted
Variable OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Diabetes mellitus
No 1.00 1.00
Yes 1.03 (0.76-1.40) 0.99 (0.71-1.37)
Alcoholism
No 1.00 1.00
Yes 14.6 (8.25-25.7) 14.1 (7.87-25.4)
Periodontal disease
No 1.00 1.00
Yes 0.24 (0.06-1.00) 0.20 (0.04-0.88)
Esophageal ulcer
No 1.00 1.00
Yes 12.1 (7.01-21.0) 10.1 (5.70-17.9)
Esophageal reflux
No 1.00 1.00
Yes 4.70 (3.02-7.33) 3.47 (2.14-5.62)
COX-2 inhibitors
Never use 1.00 1.00
Ever use 1.40 (1.14-1.73) 1.06 (0.83-1.34)
Other NSAIDs
Never use 1.00 1.00
Ever use 3.28 (2.19-4.92) 2.73 (1.80-4.13)

Adjusted for sex, age, DM, alcoholism, periodontal disease, esophagus ulcer, esophagus reflux, other NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors.

Cheng et al.

Cheng et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2012 12:177   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-12-177

Open Data