Table 2

Changes in the mean number of all-cause medical consultations among coeliac disease patients between the year prior to and after the diagnosis of the disease
All Female Male
n = 700 n = 534 n = 166
Outpatient visits in primary health care
  Year prior to diagnosis 3.6 3.7 3.1
  Year after diagnosis on a GFD 2.3 2.5 1.9
  Mean change (95% CI) −1.2 (−1.5 to −0.9) −1.3 (−1.6 to −0.9) −1.2 (−1.7 to −0.7)
  P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Outpatient visits in secondary and tertiary health care
  Year prior to diagnosis 0.8 0.8 0.8
  Year after diagnosis on a GFD 0.8 0.8 0.9
  Mean change (95% CI) 0.0 (−0.2 to 0.1) 0.0 (−0.2 to 0.2) 0.0 (−0.3 to 0.4)
  P value 0.664 0.630 0.906
Admissions to hospital
  Year prior to diagnosis 0.2 0.2 0.2
  Year after diagnosis on a GFD 0.2 0.2 0.2
  Mean change (95% CI) 0.0 (−0.03 to 0.1) 0.0 (−0.1 to 0.1) 0.0 (−0.1 to 0.1)
  P value 0.708 0.521 0.724
Other medical services*
  Year prior to diagnosis 4.1 4.5 2.7
  Year after diagnosis on a GFD 3.6 4.0 2.4
  Mean change (95% CI) −0.5 (−1.0 to 0.1) −0.5 (−1.2 to 0.2) −0.3 (−1.2 to 0.7)
  P value 0.340 0.245 0.797

GFD gluten-free diet.

CI confidence interval.

* Consultations with a nurse, a psychologist or a dietician, home nursing care, physiotherapy, laboratory and imaging services.

Ukkola et al.

Ukkola et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2012 12:136   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-12-136

Open Data