Table 4

Complications, reoperations, additional treatments, drains, and lengths of hospital stay
CM SC Pvalue
(n=18) (n=156)
Intraoperative complications 0.578
 Total 0 9
 Massive bleeding (>1000 mL) 0 3
 Bile duct injury 0 6
Postoperative complications 0.001
 Total 6 10
 Major intra-abdominal bleeding 0 2
 Bile leakage 2 4
 Wound infection 3 2
 Bacteremia (catheter infection) 0 1
 Retained calculus 1 1
Reoperation 0 3 0.839
 Major intra-abdominal bleeding 0 1
 Bile leakage 0 2
Additional treatment (EBD, PTCD) 1 4 0.06
Drain < 0.001
 Presence 17 61
 Absence 1 95
Hospital stay (days) 0.495
 Mean 13.2±6.4 8.9±26.1
 Range 5–27 3–330

CM: Cholecystomucoclasis, SC: Standard cholecystectomy, EBD: Endoscopic biliary drainage, PTCD: Percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage.

Tsukada et al.

Tsukada et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2012 12:113   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-12-113

Open Data