Table 9

Summary of short chain fatty acids (SCFA's) in stool.

Acetate

Butyrate

Propionate

Valerate

Total SCFA's


Autism/Asperger's

3.5 +/- 1.4

1.63 +/- 1.2

1.28 +/- 0.5

0.22 +/- 0.1

6.7 +/- 2.8


A-Probiotics

(n = 19)

2.94 +/- 1.4

1.00 +/- 0.7

1.02 +/- 0.37

0.17 +/- 0.10

5.13 +/- 2.2


A-No-Probiotics

(n = 38)

3.84 +/- 1.3

1.95 +/- 1.25

1.43 +/- 0.54

0.24 +/- 0.12

7.5 +/- 2.8


Controls

5.2 +/- 1.6

2.00 +/- 0.9

1.64 +/- 0.6

0.36 +/- 0.3

9.2 +/- 2.6


Ttest Comparisons


A-Probiotics vs. A-No Probiotics

P = 0.02

P = 0.003

P = 0.004

P = 0.02

P = 0.002


A-Probiotics vs. Controls

P = 0.000002

P = 0.0001

P = 0.00007

P = 0.02

P = 0.0000002


A-No-Probiotics vs. Controls

P = 0.00009

n.s.

P = 0.09

P = 0.05

P = 0.006


All autism vs. Controls

P = 0.0000003

(-32%)

P = 0.005

(-18%)

P = 0.002

(-22%)

P = 0.005

(-39%)

P = 0.00002

(-27%)


Each fatty acid is expressed in units of mg/mL.

Adams et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2011 11:22   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-11-22

Open Data