Table 2

Helicobacter pylori colonization and associated factors

Number

HP positive

Unadjusted OR

Adjusted1 OR

p-value2

N

n (%)

(95%-CI)

(95%-CI)


Age groups

0 - < 1 year

87

25 (28.7)

1

1

1 - < 12 years

340

164 (48.2)

2.3 (1.4-3. 9)*

2.4 (1.4-4.1) *

0.002

Sex

Female

216

84 (38.9)

1

1

Male

211

105 (49.8)

1.6 (1.1-2.3)*

1.6 (1.1-2.4) *

0.02

Type of housing

Permanent house

182

70 (38.5)

1

1

Semi-permanent house

245

119 (48.6)

1.5 (1.0-2.2) *

1.8 (1.2-2-7) *

0.02

Number of people in same household

2 - 4

143

55 (38.5)

1

≥ 5

284

134 (47.2)

1.4 (0.95-2.2)

-

0.39

Education level of mother/female caretaker

Completed secondary school or higher level

84

32 (38.1)

1

Not completed secondary school

343

157 (45.8)

1.4 (0.8-2.2)

-

0.32

Drinking water

Unprotected sources

43

17 (39.5)

1

Public tap

384

172 (44.8)

1.24 (0.7-2.4)

-

0.67

Using pit latrine

Yes

412

182 (44.2)

1

No

15

7 (46.7)

1.1 (0.4-3.1)

-

0.94

Sharing toilet with other families

Yes

401

170 (42.4)

1

1

No

26

19 (73.1)

3.7 (1.5-9.0)*

3.7 (1.5-9.3) *

0.006

Wealth index

Poor

142

61 (43.0)

1

Poorer

142

60 (42.0)

1.2 (0.8-1.9)

-

0.64

Poorest

143

68 (47.9)

0.96 (0.6-1.5)

0.55

Taken drugs last 3 months

Yes

345

149 (43.2)

1

No

82

40 (48.8)

1.3 (0.8-2.1)

-

0.40

Taken any antibiotics last 3 months

Yes

166

65 (39.2)

1

No

261

124 (47.5)

1.4 (0.9-2.1)

-

0.38

Reporting abdominal pain more than 3 times/week

No

400

176 (44.0)

1

Yes

27

13 (48.1)

1.2 (0.5-2.6)

-

0.58


* p-value < 0.05

1 adjusted for age, sex, type of housing, number of people in the same household, education level of the mother/female caretaker, if drugs taken the last tree months, using a pit, latrine, sharing the toilet with other families, sources of drinking water and wealth index

2 p-value after adjusting for1

N/n number

OR Odds ratio

CI Confidence Interval

HP Helicobacter pylori

Hestvik et al. BMC Gastroenterology 2010 10:62   doi:10.1186/1471-230X-10-62

Open Data