Table 2

Close to practice

Structural level

Examples of suggested criteria

Individuals and teams

• Evidence of clinical expertise and 'hunches' within the research questions and projects

• Examples of critical thinking used in practice

• Evidence of patient centred outcome measures in projects, and impact of project on patients' quality of life, including social capital and health gain.

• Use of methodologies that are action orientated

• Use of methodologies that include cost effectiveness approaches

• Evidence on level, and nature, of service user involvement


• Evidence of informing research questions by gaps in knowledge at an organisational level

• Measurements on a culture where research is 'valued, accepted, encouraged and enjoyed'.

• Evidence of managerial support/involvement on research projects

• Evidence of supporting service user links in research

Supra-organisational (networks and support units)

• Evidence of research questions being developed with practice, needs and priorities

• Co-ordination of research programmes between health organisations and university

• Development and use of outcomes measures useful for research and practice

• Development and use of cost effectiveness methodologies

• Action research orientated approaches undertaken

• Development of service user panels

Cooke BMC Family Practice 2005 6:44   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-6-44

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