Table 4

Percentage Correct Responses1 to Survey Items on Knowledge of Short-Term Effects and Attitudes about Tobacco Use Among a Pooled 19 School Aggregate of 5th Grade Students in Western New York State who Received a Tobacco Prevention Program Intervention During the 1998–1999 School Year.

Survey Item:

Baseline Survey

(Pre-Test)

(N = 1596)

Evaluation Survey

(Immediate Post-Test)

(N = 1438)

%2

%2

p-value


Knowledge of short-term effects of tobacco:

(1) Smoking causes bad breath .....................

98.9

100

p = 0.0005

(2) Smokers have yellow teeth and fingers ............

76.9

96.7

p < 0.0001

(3) Low tar cigarettes are safe .....................

93.0

96.7

p = 0.0004

(4) Smokers have clean smelling clothes .............

90.0

94.5

p < 0.0001

(5) Smoking decreases the amount of air that gets into your lungs ........................

90.0

92.5

p = 0.0036

(6) Smoking 1 pack of cigarettes a day costs several hundred dollars per year..................

86.6

93.4

p = 0.0002


Attitude about tobacco use:

(7) People who use tobacco are popular and glamorous...

94.3

94.7

N.S.

(8) Some people start to use tobacco because their friends do ...............................

95.6

97.5

p = 0.0223

(9) Smoking is relaxing ..........................

89.9

89.4

N.S.

(10) Advertising tells the truth about the effects of tobacco use. ...........................

80.0

87.3

p = 0.0162


1Proportions were compared at the School Level (N = 19), using Wilcoxon-Matched Pairs/Signed Rank Tests. P-values were identified as significant if they were less than or equal to .05, thus rejecting the null hypothesis (that the Intervention had No Effect); n.s. = not significant. 2Percentages shown are the Medians, which summarize the distribution of correct responses by school.

Mahoney et al. BMC Family Practice 2002 3:3   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-3-3

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