Table 2

Blood pressure control by albuminuria and diabetes status among people on antihypertensive medication
Diabetes, n = 276 No diabetes, n = 1150 Total n (%)
n (column%) unless otherwise stated n (column%) unless otherwise stated
Albuminuria status None (n = 195) Micro albuminuria (n = 63) Macro albuminuria (n = 18) Subtotal diabetes None (n = 981) Micro albuminuria (n = 149) Macro albuminuria (n = 20) Subtotal no diabetes n = 1426
Mean BP (SD) Systolic 132 (17) 140 (20) 155 (22) 135 (19) 133 (18) 136 (19) 141 (18) 135 (18) 134 (18)
Diastolic 68 (10) 69 (10) 72 (11) 68 (10) 73 (11) 75 (11) 76 (9) 73 (11) 72 (11)
BP controlled (NICE target)* Yes 84 (43.1) 19 (30.2) 3 (16.7) 106 (38.4) 631 (64.3) 86 (57.7) 6 (30.0) 723 (62.9) 829 (58.1)
No 111 (56.9) 44 (69.8) 15 (83.3) 170 (61.8) 350 (35.7) 63 (42.3) 14 (70.0) 425 (37.0) 597 (41.9)
BP controlled (KDOQI target)** Yes 84 (43.1) 19 (30.2) 3 (16.7) 106 (38.4) 355 (36.2) 48 (32.2) 4 (20.0) 407 (35.3) 512 (35.9)
No 111 (56.9) 44 (69.8) 15 (83.3) 170 (61.8) 626 (63.8) 101 (67.8) 16 (80.0) 115 (68.9) 914 (64.1)
BP controlled (KDIGO target)*** Yes 141 (72.3) 21 (33.3) 3 (16.7) 165 (59.8) 639 (65.1) 52 (34.9) 4 (22.2) 695 (60.4) 859 (60.2)
No 54 (27.7) 42 (40.4) 15 (83.3) 111 (40.2) 342 (34.9) 97 (65.1) 14 (77.8) 453 (39.4) 576 (39.8)
Number of anti-hypertensive agents 1 79 (40.5) 25 (39.7) 3 (16.7) 107 (38.9) 433 (44.1) 65 (43.6) 8 (40.0) 506 (44.1) 615 (43.1)
2 54 (27.7) 19 (30.2) 5 (27.8) 78 (28.3) 345 (35.2) 61 (40.9) 4 (20.0) 410 (35.7) 488 (34.2)
3 or more 62 (31.8) 19 (30.2) 10 (55.6) 90 (32.6) 203 (20.7) 23 (15.4) 8 (40.0) 232 (20.2) 323 (22.7)
Taking RAASi Yes 173 (88.7) 56 (88.9) 15 (83.3) 243 (88.4) 750 (76.5) 112 (75.2) 17 (85.0) 877 (76.4) 1123 (78.8)
No 22 (11.3) 7 (11.1) 3 (16.7) 32 (11.6) 231 (23.5) 37 (24.8) 3 (15.0) 271 (23.6) 303 (21.2)

* <140/90 or <130/80 in people with diabetes and people with ACR > 70.

** <130/80 for all people with CKD.

*** ≤ 140/90 or 130/80 in people with albuminuria.

Microalbuminuria defined as ACR > =2.5 mg/mmol (men), > = 3.5 mg/mmol (women) in at least two of the three urine specimens.

Macroalbuminuria defined as ACR ≥ 30 mg/mmol.

Abbreviations:

BP blood pressure.

RAASi renin-angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors.

NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

KDOQI National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative.

ACR albumin/creatinine ratio.

Fraser et al.

Fraser et al. BMC Family Practice 2013 14:88   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-14-88

Open Data