Table 1

Characteristics of studies included in the review
Study Participants: n, sex, mean age (range) Time frame patients followed up Population type Person who administered tool Person who recorded the fall Number of falls Number of individuals who fell*
Oliver et al. 1997[8] United Kingdom (Local validation) n = 217 79.5 years 8 weeks Geriatric unit, rehabilitation unit Nurse NR - recorded in ward incident book 71 Unreported
Oliver et al. 1997[8] United Kingdom (Remote validation) n = 331 83 years 8 weeks Geriatric unit, rehabilitation unit Nurse NR - recorded in ward incident book 79 Unreported
Walsh et al. 2011[2] Australia n = 130 51 men; 79 women 75 years (29-97) Until discharge Medical/surgical inpatients Research team Principal investigator 14 7 (5.4%)
Marschollek et al. 2011[25] Germany n = 46 81.3 years One year Geriatric inpatients Interdisciplinary geriatric team Interdisciplinary Geriatric care team Unreported 19 (41.3%)
Barker et al. 2010[14] United Kingdom n = 263 137 men; 126 women 61.32 years Until discharge Medical/surgical inpatients Research nurse Nurse 44 23 (8.7%)*
Webster et al. 2010[20] Australia n = 788 77.7 years Until discharge Hospital inpatients ≥65 years Research team Staff member recorded into Incident Report Database Unreported 72 (9.1%)
Vassallo et al 2008[16] United Kingdom n = 200 77 men; 123 women 80.9 years 3 weeks Rehabilitation unit Clinician Nurse Unreported 51 (25.5%)
Milisen et al. 2007[6] Belgium n = 1602† 627 men; 975 women 79.3 years Until discharge Hospital inpatients ≥65 years Bedside nurses Nurse 1968 123 (7.7%)
Kim et al. 2007[21] Australia n = 5489 2842 men; 2647 women 55 years Until first fall, discharge or death Hospital inpatients ≥ 18 years Research nurse Nurse Unreported 60 (1.1%)
Wijnia et al. 2006[26] The Netherlands n = 120 75 men; 45 women 74.5 years 13 weeks Nursing home Nurse Nurse Unreported 36 (30%)
Smith et al. 2005[17] United Kingdom (Inpatient study) n = 225 28 days Stroke rehabilitation units Nurse Staff member using incident report form Unreported 53 (23.6%)

Haines et al. 2006[19] Australia

(Phase 1)

n = 122 38 men; 84 women 79 years Until discharge Hospital inpatients Project researcher Staff member (using incident report form) 59 26 (21.3%)
Vassallo et al. 2005[15] United Kingdom n = 135 49 men; 86 women 83.8 years (56-100) Until discharge Hospital inpatients Clinician Nurse 29 22 (18%)
Jester et al. 2005[18] United Kingdom n = 90 20 men; 70 women (60-81 years) Unreported Hospital inpatients Unreported NR – information was obtained from medical/nursing/therapy notes,Incident report forms Unreported 5 (5.6%)
Hill et al. 2004[22] Australia n = 44 26 men; 18 women 79.8 years (64-101) Unreported Geriatric rehabilitation unit Clinician Ward staff Unreported 7 (15.9%)
Papaioannou et al. 2004[24] Canada n = 620 282 men; 338 women 78 years Unreported Hospital inpatients ≥65 years Nurse Nurse 77 34 (5.5%)
Coker et al. 2003[23] Canada n = 432 Until discharge Geriatric rehabilitation unit Nurse Nurse Unreported 111 (25.7%)
Chiari et al. 2002[28] Italy n = 1,181 507 men; 604 women (65-104 years) 2 months Hospital inpatients Project researcher Staff member Unreported 51 (4.3%)
Bailleux, 2006[27] France n = 155 55 men; 100 women 80.3 years Until discharge Geriatric rehabilitation unit Project researcher Staff member (using incident report form) Unreported 36 (23.2%)

*Mean weighted prior probability = 6.27%, NR - not reported.

**Cut point of ≥3 used on the STRATIFY rule.

†Indicates a subset of the patient cohort was used in our analysis.

Billington et al.

Billington et al. BMC Family Practice 2012 13:76   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-76

Open Data