Table 2

Example of competency domain, element, and sub-elements


2. As Care Providers, primary health care pharmacists use their knowledge and skills to provide pharmaceutical care and to facilitate management of patient's medication and overall health needs.


Primary health care pharmacists possess the core knowledge, skills and attitudes required to be able to:

i. manage patients:

who require the pharmacist's participation in their care;

who are willing and able to accept the responsibilities required by this care;

with common and uncommon medication-therapy problems or complex medication-related needs; and identify patients with highly complex medication-related needs.

who require urgent care and provide basic first aid and CPR;

ii. are able to acquire the knowledge and skills required to manage patients with highly complex medication-related needs.

iii. provide care in accordance with accepted frameworks that expand the pharmacist's scope of practice (e.g. medical directives);

iv. recommend appropriate sources of support for patients experiencing common difficulties in daily living;

v. advise patients on common, current health promotion campaigns;

vi. are able to refer patients for the management of medication therapy needs that fall beyond their individual scope of practice;

vii. are able to triage patients to other primary health care providers.


Elicit and complete an assessment of required information to determine the patient's medication-related and relevant health needs.


elicit the reason(s) for the patient's visit or referral to the pharmacist;


obtain and evaluate relevant history from the patient, his/her chart, caregivers and other health care professionals (e.g. medication experience, medication history, current medication record, past and current medical history, allergies, immunizations, social drug use, previous adverse reactions, etc);


order and/or retrieve and assess relevant lab tests and diagnostic tests;


perform and interpret findings of relevant physical assessment;


complete an assessment of the patient's ability to take/use/administer his/her medications.

Kennie-Kaulbach et al. BMC Family Practice 2012 13:27   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-27

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