Table 2

The effects of the lifestyle intervention compared with the control condition at one year follow-up.

Outcome variables

Means in

Intervention

group (SD)

Means in

Control

group (SD)

n Matched

Intervention†

Adjusted effect of

Intervention

(95% CI)‡

Adjusted

P-value


BMI (kg/m2)

152


Baseline

30.36 (4.93)

29.54 (5.08)


One year

30.33 (5.13)

29.63 (5.13)

0.04 (-0.87 to 0.94)

0.94


Exercise level (1-4)*

139


Baseline

2.48 (0.60)

2.48 (0.71)


One year

2.39 (0.73)

2.36 (0.71)

-0.01 (-0.18 to 0.17)

0.89


Fasting glucose (mmol/l)

184


Baseline

7.21 (1.36)

7.28 (2.05)


One year

6.98 (1.20)

7.18 (1.50)

-0.17 (-0.38 to 0.04)

0.08


HbA1c (%)

153


Baseline

6.73 (0.92)

6.66 (0.97)


One year

6.61 (0.75)

6.70 (0.87)

-0.12 (-0.30 to 0.06)

0.07


Blood pressure


Systolic (mmHg)

176


Baseline

138.98 (16.64)

143.68 (17.41)


One year

138.59 (16.11)

142.90 (16.82)

-1.49 (-4.19 to 1.21)

0.25


Diastolic (mmHg)

175


Baseline

79.88 (8.31)

79.39 (8.79)


One year

79.35 (7.82)

79.17 (8.64)

-0.45 (-1.79 to 0.90)

0.48


Total cholesterol (mmol/l)

169


Baseline

4.54 (0.94)

4.56 (1.00)


One year

4.44 (1.00)

4.52 (0.98)

-0.12 (-0.26 to 0.22)

0.83


LDL (mmol/l)

169


Baseline

2.80 (0.76)

2.85 (1.04)


One year

2.67 (0.84)

2.73 (0.83)

0.01 (-0.19 to 0.21)

0.91


HDL (mmol/l)

169


Baseline

1.16 (0.29)

1.16 (0.28)


One year

1.18 (0.30)

1.17 (0.31)

0.03 (-0.05 to 0.07)

0.68


Triglycerides (mmol/l)

169


Baseline

1.73 (0.98)

1.63 (0.95)


One year

1.79 (1.01)

1.69 (1.19)

0.03 (-0.21 to 0.26)

0.76


† Number of patients from the intervention group matched with patients in the control group.

‡ The adjusted effect of the intervention after the matching procedure.

* Exercise level: 1 = sedentary lifestyle; 2 = activities of daily living; 3 = exercising at least half an hour for five or more days a week (NNGB); 4 = more active than NNGB.

Linmans et al. BMC Family Practice 2011 12:95   doi:10.1186/1471-2296-12-95

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