Table 3

Strategies to enhance rigour in QD as proposed by Milne et al [2]

Strategies to enhance rigour in QD




The informants are free to speak

Purposeful, flexible sampling

Participant-driven data collection

The informants' voices are heard

Promoting richness rather than superficiality of data

Conducting focus group interviews to diminish the role of the researcher

Informants' perceptions are accurately represented

Accurate transcription

Content analysis (ensuring data-driven coding and categorizing)


Capturing and portraying a truly insider perspective


Reflection on the critical appraisal applied to every research decision


Reflecting on researcher bias

Dual role (clinician/researcher/interviewer) during the interview

Dual role in the process of analysing

Informants' validations/member checking

Peer review/researcher triangulation

Neergaard et al. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2009 9:52   doi:10.1186/1471-2288-9-52

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