Table 1

Summary of tools sourced in this review.

Research design focus of critical appraisal tools

Critical appraisal tools with summary scores


Secondary studies

Systematic reviews/meta-analyses [2-5,15-36,116]

All study designs [1,18,41,96-102,116]

Summary score [18,41,96,97,116]

Primary studies

Experimental studies [2-4,19,25-27,34,37-73]

No summary score [1,98-102]

Diagnostic studies [19,74-79]

Experimental studies

Summary score [19,37-59]

Observational studies [2,3,7,19,25,66,72,80-86]

No summary score [2-4,25,27,28,34,60-73]

Qualitative studies [9,26,66,87-90]

Diagnostic studies

Summary score [16,74-77]

Experimental & Observational studies [9,91-102]

No summary score [78,79]

Qualitative studies

Summary score [87]

No summary score [9,26,66,88-90]

Experimental and observational studies

Summary score [91-93]

No summary score [9,94,95]


Katrak et al. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2004 4:22   doi:10.1186/1471-2288-4-22

Open Data