Table 7

Findings of systematic reviews: effectiveness of Pilates in people with chronic low back pain
Systematic Review Comparison to Pilates Pain Levels Disability
1. Aladro-Gonzalvo et al. [10] a) Minimal intervention e.g. no treatment, usual care, exercise a) Reduction is statistically significant (SMD=−0.44, 95% CI −0.09,–0.80) a) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD = −0.28, 95% CI 0.07, –0.62)
b) Other physiotherapeutic treatment e.g. massage, physiotherapy b) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD = 0.14, 95% CI 0.27, –0.56) b) Reduction is statistically significant (SMD = −0.55, 95% CI −0.08,–1.03)
2. La Touche et al. [6] * Usual care, back school exercise+ * Reduced * Reduced
3. Lim et al. [7] a) Minimal intervention e.g.no treatment, usual care, massage, physiotherapy a) Reduction is statistically significant (SMD = −2.72, 95% CI −5.33, –0.11) a) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD =−0.74, 95% CI −1.81, 0.33)
b) Other forms of exercise e.g. back school exercise, lumbar stabilisation b) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD =0.03, 95% CI −0.52, 0.58) b) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD = −0.41, 95% CI =−0.96, 0.14)
4. Pereira et al. [8] a) Variable treatment e.g. no treatment, usual care, massage, physiotherapy a) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD =−1.99, 95% CI –4.35, 0.37) a) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD =−1.34, 95% CI –2.80, 0.11)
b) Lumbar stabilisation exercise b) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD =−0.11, 95% CI −0.74, 0.52) b) Reduction is not statistically significant (SMD =−0.31, 95% CI −1.02, 0.40)
5. Posadzki et al. [9] * Usual care, back school exercise * Unknown, evidence is inconclusive * Unknown, evidence is inconclusive

Note : SMD - standardised mean difference; 95% CI - 95% confidence level.

+ Back school exercise includes respiratory and postural education, muscle strengthening and mobilisation exercise [7,23].

Wells et al.

Wells et al. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2013 13:7   doi:10.1186/1471-2288-13-7

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