Table 5

Summary of key study characteristics

25 ED

study

25 ED study

25 ED study

NISS RC study

NISS RC study

NISS RC study

NISS RC study

Collab. Study

Collab study

Single centre

Single centre

Single centre

Single centre

Single centre


Chen et al [23]

Li et al [24]

City

Li et al [24]

Rural

Zhang & Zhan [25]

Zhou et al [26]

Xu et al [27]

Li et al [28]

Li & Wang [29]

Li et al [30]

Li et al [31]

Qu et al [32]

Zhou et al [33]

Yang et al [34]

Wen et al [35]


Design

Prosp.

Prosp.

Prosp.

Prosp.

Prosp.

Prosp.

Prosp.

Retro.

Prosp.

Prosp.

Retro.

Retro.

Retro.

Retro. (pre/post)


Setting/location

Multiple Provinces

Multiple Provinces

Multiple Provinces

Qing-dao, Shangdong

Henan

Guangdong

Gaocheng, He Bei

Guang-dong

Shantou,

Guang-dong

Shantou, Guang-dong

Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Guangzhou, Guangdong

Guangzhou, Guangdong

Chonqing


Number Hospital

25

14

11

6

3

10

26

332

2

1

1

1

1

1


Sample

25,019

19,906

5113

1882

6948

42,567

7065

1,093,233

2611

11,472

13,008

10,654

5346

8271


Survey tool

Uniform survey

see [23]

see [23]

National CDC RC

National CDC RC

National CDC RC

National CDC RC

Report form

Uniform survey

Uniform survey

Registry log

Not stated

Registry log

Uniform survey


Date of study

July 01

Oct 01

Jan 02

April 02

see [23]

see [23]

2004

2004

2004

Dec 03 to Nov 04

1997-2001

Nov 99 - Nov 00

2000-2002

1998-2002

2000-2005

Aug 03-Aug 05

1996-2004


Age

(years)

0-14: 12%

15-34: 50%

35-59: 31%

60+: 7%

see [23]

see [23]

< 21: 22%

21-59: 71%

> 60: 4%

0-14: 6%;

15-44: 66%

45-64: 14%

65+: 4%

12-24: 31%

25-34: 29%

0-4: 2%

5-14: 8%

15-19: 14%

20-24: 13% 25-44: 39%

45-64: 19%

65+: 5%

-

20-35: 47%

no specific data

0-19: 25%

20-39: 55%

40-59: 15%

60+: 5%

-

0-10: 2%

11-20: 7%

21-30: 33%

31-40: 25%

41-50: 20%

51+: 11%

0-15: 10.3%

15-20: 14%

21-30: 32%

31-40: 20%

41-50: 11%

51-60: 5%

60+: 8%

Range:

Pr: 14-86

Po:16-79

Mean:

Pr: 32

Po: 34


Sex ratio (M:F)

2:1

2:1

2:1

3.1:1

2.3:1

2.5:1

2.5:1

-

2.5:1

2.6:1

-

2.4:1

1.9:1

Pr:1.6:1

Po: 1.9:1


Occupation

-

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


Arrived by EMS

14.4%

14.4%

14.4%

29.4%

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


Mechanism

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes


Location of injury

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

Yes

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


ISS/AIS severity

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ISS category

Deaths only

AIS ≥ 3

ISS > 15


ICD

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


GCS

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


Injury description

-

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


RTS

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


TRISS

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


ICU admission

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


Mortality rate

0.5%

P: 1.1%

AI: 0.5%

0.5%

1.29%

-

-

-

0.8%

1.6%

4% (within 3 months)

-

1.3%

Pre-hosp: 3.4%; ED:NR

0.3%

Pr: 7.6%

Po: 3.2%


Length of stay

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16 days

-

-

-

-

-

-


Financial cost

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Yes

-

-

-

-

-

-


    Abbreviations
: RC: Reporting Card; Collab: Collaborative study; (-) indicates data not reported; Prosp: Prospective; Retro: Retrospective; Unint: Unintentional; NR: Not reported; Pr: Pre-phase of study; Po: Post-phase of study; ED: Emergency Department; P: Poisoning; AI: Acute Injury

Fitzharris et al. BMC Emergency Medicine 2011 11:18   doi:10.1186/1471-227X-11-18

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