Table 3

Prevalence of Various Cardiovascular Risk Factors at Different Age-Groups and Trends

Variables

Males

Females


15–19 years (n = 699)

20–29 years (n = 175)

30–39 years (n = 133)

X2 for trend (p-value)

15–19 years (n = 591)

20–29 years (n = 311)

30–39 years (n = 140)

X2 for trend (p-value)

Body mass index ≥ 25 Kg/m2

53 (7.6)

20 (11.5)

49 (36.8)

89.85 (<0.001)

52 (8.8)

23 (7.4)

73 (52.1)

191.09 (<0.001)

Body mass index ≥ 30 Kg/m2

7 (1.0)

7 (4.0)

17 (12.8)

52.55 (<0.001)

5 (0.8)

7 (2.3)

22 (15.7)

80.62 (<0.001)

Waist circumference > 90 cm/80 cm

32 (4.6)

20 (11.4)

67 (50.4)

224.94 (<0.001)

36 (6.1)

31 (10.0)

86 (61.4)

284.55 (<0.001)

Waist hip ratio > 0.9/0.8

34 (4.9)

33 (18.9)

69 (51.9)

216.64 (<0.001)

85 (14.4)

107 (34.4)

104 (74.3)

207.56 (<0.001)

Hypertension

16 (2.3)

10 (5.7)

31 (23.3)

92.45 (<0.001)

2 (0.3)

5 (1.6)

25 (17.9)

119.89 (<0.001)

Impaired fasting glucose (100–125 mg/dl)

99 (14.2)

10 (5.7)

26 (19.5)

13.59 (0.001)

49 (8.3)

20 (6.4)

16 (11.4)

3.25 (0.197)

Diabetes mellitus (≥ 126 mg/dl)

-

1 (0.6)

9 (6.8)

52.43 (<0.001)

-

-

4 (2.9)

25.87 (<0.001)

LDL cholesterol ≥ 130 mg/dl

17 (2.4)

24 (13.7)

54 (40.6)

195.08 (<0.001)

19 (3.2)

18 (5.8)

55 (39.3)

188.05 (<0.001)

Triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dl

21 (3.0)

18 (10.3)

57 (42.9)

205.92 (<0.001)

19 (3.2)

9 (2.9)

35 (25.0)

102.32 (<0.001)

HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dl

56 (8.0)

30 (17.1)

77 (57.9)

205.09 (<0.001)

268 (45.3)

120 (38.6)

129 (92.1)

120.73 (<0.001)

Total: HDL cholesterol ratio ≥ 4.5

26 (3.7)

30 (17.1)

79 (59.4)

300.95 (<0.001)

28 (4.7)

22 (7.1)

82 (58.6)

309.04 (<0.001)

Metabolic syndrome

-

9 (5.1)

26 (19.5)

129.04 (<0.001)

1 (0.2)

3 (1.0)

28 (20.0)

156.14 (<0.001)

Numbers in parentheses are percent.


Gupta et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:28   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-9-28

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