Table 2

Cardiovascular Risk Factors at Different Age-Groups (Mean ± SD) and Trends

Variables

Males

Females


15–19 years (n = 699)

20–29 years (n = 175)

30–39 years (n = 133)

Regression coefficient, standardized beta, p-value

15–19 years (n = 591)

20–29 years (n = 311)

30–39 years (n = 140)

Regression coefficient, standardized beta, p-value

Body mass index (kg/m2)

19.7 ± 3.3

21.5 ± 4.0

24.1 ± 5.6

2.11 ± 0.17,0.37, <0.001

20.0 ± 3.2

20.2 ± 3.3

24.7 ± 5.1

1.80 ± 0.16, 0.332, <0.001

Waist circumference (cm)

70.6 ± 9.2

77.7 ± 10.8

89.6 ± 14.0

9.04 ± 0.45, 0.53, <0.001

66.8 ± 7.7

69.9 ± 9.1

83.8 ± 11.8

7.12 ± 0.39, 0.491, <0.001

Waist-hip ratio

0.81 ± 0.05

0.85 ± 0.09

0.91 ± 0.07

0.047 ± 0.03, 0.48, <0.001

0.75 ± 0.06

0.78 ± 0.06

0.84 ± 0.07

0.04 ± 0.01, 0.457, <0.001

Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

115.0 ± 9.6

118.2 ± 10.8

117.3 ± 15.9

1.56 ± 0.48, 0.10, 0.001

111.0 ± 9.0

110.4 ± 9.5

114.5 ± 17.0

1.16 ± 0.46, 0.078, 0.011

Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)

74.4 ± 7.2

75.6 ± 8.2

76.5 ± 11.9

1.07 ± 0.36, 0.09, 0.003

72.9 ± 6.9

72.8 7.2

75.0 ± 11.2

0.74 ± 0.33, 0.069, 0.025

Glucose fasting (mg/dl)

90.0 ± 9.2

86.7 ± 2.5

94.1 ± 28.2

1.02 ± 0.61, 0.05, 0.096

88.7 ± 8.3

87.7 ± 8.3

88.4 ± 21.0

-0.36 ± 0.47, -0.024, 0.441

Total cholesterol (mg/dl)

144.4 ± 26.0

151.9 ± 38.9

203.9 ± 47.6

25.51 ± 1.5, 0.48, <0.001

156.4 ± 23.0

160.9 25.7

193.0 ± 41.0

14.81 ± 1.19, 0.361, <0.001

LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)

79.0 ± 25.9

86.8 ± 2.5

130.0 ± 40.9

22.11 ± 1.4, 0.45, <0.001

86.5 ± 24.3

90.9 ± 26.7

126.6 ± 38.0

16.14 ± 1.21, 0.382, <0.001

Triglycerides (mg/dl)

87.5 ± 30.1

104.3 ± 39.9

173.5 ± 111.5

37.99 ± 2.3, 0.47, <0.001

92.7 ± 28.0

88.2 ± 29.5

137.3 ± 70.6

15.54 ± 1.67, 0.277, <0.001

HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)

47.7 ± 6.8

45.1 ± 7.9

39.2 ± 9.0

-3.94 ± 0.32, -0.36, <0.001

51.1 ± 8.6

52.6 ± 6.2

39.0 ± 8.5

-4.14 ± 0.40, -0.303, <0.001

Total: HDL cholesterol ratio

3.1 ± 0.70

3.5 ± 1.4

5.5 ± 2.1

1.06 ± 0.05, 0.55, <0.001

3.2 ± 0.73

3.2 ± 0.85

5.2 ± 1.72

0.77 ± 0.045, 0.468, <0.001


Gupta et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009 9:28   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-9-28

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