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Physical distress is associated with cardiovascular events in a high risk population of elderly men

Gunnar Einvik12*, Øivind Ekeberg23, Tor O Klemsdal4, Leiv Sandvik5 and Elsa M Hjerkinn6

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway

2 Department of Behavioural Science, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

3 Department of Acute Medicine, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway

4 Department of Preventive Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway

5 Centre for Clinical Research, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway

6 Department of Cardiology, Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, Norway

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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2009, 9:14  doi:10.1186/1471-2261-9-14

Published: 30 March 2009

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Association between physical distress, quality of life and three years incidence of cardiovascular events. Cox proportional hazard regression model. Max and minimum scores in each tertile of Physical Symptom Distress Index: 1st 13–15, 2nd 16–20, 3rd 21–38; Life Satisfaction Index: 1st 14–22, 2nd 23–26, 3rd 27–44. HR, Hazard ratio; CI, Confidence interval.

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