Table 4

Difference of mean values of the clinical variables according to the tertile levels of brachial PP
1ST tertile 2nd tertile 3rd tertile P for trend
Central PP (mmHg) 40.1 ± 6.6 47.5 ± 7.0 60.6 ± 14.6 <0.01
Central SBP (mmHg) 113.2 ± 13 119.9 ± 12.3 132 ± 19.1 <0.01
Brachial SBP (mmHg) 110.9 ± 11.6 120 ± 9.8 133.5 ± 15.5 <0.01
Brachial DBP (mmHg) 73.1 ± 9.6 72.4 ± 9.4 71.3 ± 10.9 0.3
Brachial PP (mmHg) 37.8 ± 4.3 47.6 ± 2.1 62.1 ± 10.2 <0.01
Age (years) 50.5 ± 9 54.6 ± 10.7 62.4 ± 10.8 <0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 24.5 ± 3.2 25.5 ± 3 24.7 ± 3 0.82
Duration of DM (years) 6.1 ± 5.1 7.7 ± 5.7 11.8 ± 9.9 <0.01
HbA1C (%) 7.8 ± 1.6 7.6 ± 1.8 7.5 ± 1.5 0.3
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 159 ± 35.7 159.3 ± 36.4 170.6 ± 35.8 0.09
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 123 (80, 162) 121 (91, 181) 117 (81, 153) 0.69
HDL-C (mg/dL) 47.4 ± 11 46.6 ± 12.1 50.2 ± 15.9 0.26
LDL-C (mg/dL) 93.6 ± 32.9 90.5 ± 32.7 101.4 ± 33.4 0.28
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 82.2 ± 16 78.1 ± 14.9 67.2 ± 19.8 <0.01
Diabetic nephropathy, n (%) 0.02
  No albuminuria 56 (37.6) 53 (35.6) 40 (26.8)
  Microalbuminuria 11 (28.9) 10 (26.3) 17 (44.7)
  Overt proteinuria 2 (22.2) 1 (11.1) 6 (66.7)
HOMA-IR 2.4 (1.7, 4.5) 2.9 (2.2, 4.8) 2.7 (1.9, 3.9) 0.97
hsCRP (mg/dL) 0.08 (0.05, 0.18) 0.09 (0.04, 0.16) 0.09 (0.05, 0.22) 0.68
Mean CIMT (mm) 0.58 ± 0.11 0.63 ± 0.16 0.75 ± 0.14 0.03
Mean PWV (cm/sec) 1370 ± 205 1587 ± 537 1752 ± 341 <0.01
Mean ABI 1.14 ± 0.05 1.14 ± 0.07 1.14 ± 0.08 0.74

Data are shown as mean ± SD, median (interquartile range) or number (percentages).

PP: pulse pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; BMI: body mass index; DM: diabetes mellitus; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; HDL: high density lipoprotein; LDL: low density lipoprotein; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance; hsCRP: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; CIMT: carotid intima-media thickness; baPWV: brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; ABI: ankle-brachial index.

Jung et al.

Jung et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2014 14:23   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-14-23

Open Data