Table 1

General characteristics of the study populations
Age (year) 55.8 ± 11.3
Men/Women (%) 115/86 (57.2/42.8)
Duration of DM(year) 8.5 ± 7.5
Hypertension, n (%) 96 (47.8%)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.9 ± 3.1
Central SBP (mmHg) 121.7 ± 17
Central PP (mmHg) 49.4 ± 13.3
Brachial PP (mmHg) 49 ±12
Systolic BP (mmHg) 121.4 ± 15.6
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 72.3 ± 10
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL) 162.7 ± 36.2
Triglyceride (mg/dL)* 121 (88, 169)
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 48 ± 13
LDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) 94.7 ± 33
hsCRP (mg/dL)* 0.09 (0.05, 0.18)
HbA1C (%) 7.6 ± 1.6
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 76 ± 18
Mean CIMT (mm) 0.62 ± 0.14
Mean ABI 1.14 ± 0.07
Mean baPWV (cm/sec) 1555 ± 405
HOMA-IR* 2.81 (1.89, 4.5)
DPN, n(%) 56 (28%)
CAN, n (%) 65 (32.6%)
Diabetic nephropathy, n (%) 47 (23.4%)
Diabetic retinopathy, n (%) 39 (19.4%)

Data are reported as mean ± standard deviation (SD) for variables which are normally distributed or as median (interquartile range) for variables which are not normally distributed or as number of participants (percentages). DM: diabetes mellitus; SBP: systolic blood pressure; PP: pulse pressure; HDL: high density lipoprotein; LDL: low density lipoprotein; hsCRP: high-sensitivity C-reactive protein; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate; CIMT: carotid intima-media thickness; ABI: ankle-brachial index; baPWV: brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity; HOMA-IR: homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance; DPN: diabetic peripheral neuropathy; CAN: cardiac autonomic neuropathy.

*Natural logarithmic transformation were performed before analysis.

Jung et al.

Jung et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2014 14:23   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-14-23

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