Table 1

Clinical characteristics and MPS findings according to the presence or absence of a post-stress LVEF drop ≥5%
LVEF drop (n = 167) No LVEF drop (n = 517) p-value
Age (years) 64 ± 10 63 ± 9 0.26
Male gender, n (%) 110 (66%) 351 (68%) 0.62
Diabetes duration (months) 127 ± 111 117 ± 112 0.35
Oral treatment, n (%) 92 (55%) 268 (52%) 0.47
Insulin and oral, n (%) 51 (31%) 165 (32%) 0.74
Insulin, n (%) 24 (14%) 84 (16%) 0.56
Statin, n (%) 32 (19%) 91 (18%) 0.65
Hypertension, n (%) 128 (77%) 381 (74%) 0.44
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 98 (59%) 293 (57%) 0.64
Smoking, n (%) 67 (40%) 210 (41%) 0.81
Family history of CAD, n (%) 56 (34%) 178 (34%) 0.83
Prior myocardial infarction, n (%) 70 (42%) 198 (38%) 0.58
Exercise stress test, n (%) 88 (53%) 292 (56%) 0.39
Summed stress score 8.2 ± 8.2 6.7 ± 7.4 <0.05
Summed rest score 3.9 ± 5.6 4.1 ± 5.9 0.55
Summed difference score 4.3 ± 5.1 2.5 ± 3.1 <0.001
Rest LVEF (%) 60 ± 12 54 ± 14 <0.001
Post-stress LVEF (%) 52 ± 12 55 ± 14 <0.01
Rest EDV (ml) 95 ± 39 101 ± 46 0.13
Post-stress EDV (ml) 98 ± 41 102 ± 46 0.37
Rest ESV (ml) 42 ± 27 50 ± 38 <0.05
Post-stress ESV (ml) 51 ± 32 50 ± 39 0.80

CAD: coronary artery disease, LVEF: left ventricular ejection fraction, EDV: end-diastolic volume, ESV: end-systolic volume.

Ferro et al.

Ferro et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:99   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-13-99

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