Table 2

Systolic variables and ventricular volumes
GOLD class
I II III IV P
Left systolic function
LVEF 64 (59–67) 62 (58–68) 69 (65–76) 57 (57–57) 0.138
Heart rate 69 (65–76) 80 (74–85) 80 (75–86) 87 (85–88) 0.030
SVi (ml/m2) 22.0 (21.8–28.1) 22.9 (21.0–26.5) 19.4 (17.8–22.3) 20.7 (18.3–24.9) 0.001
CI (L/min-1*m2) 1.7 (1.6–1.8) 1.8 (1.6–2.0) 1.6 (1.3–1.8) 1.8 (1.7–2.1) 0.015
S’ (LV) (cm/s) 9 (7–9) 8 (7–9) 9 (7–11) 9 (7–10) 0.383
GLS (LV) 15.7 (15.3–17.5) 16.8 (14.8–20.2) 19.4 (16.4–22.4) 18.2 (14.4–19.2) 0.066
Right systolic function
TAPSE 2.2 (2.2–2.3) 2.3 (2.1–2.5) 2.3 (2.1–2.6) 2.2 (2.1–2.4) 0.885
S’ (RV) (cm/s) 13 (10–14) 13 (12–14) 14 (13–15) 13 (12–14) 0.428
RVDi 18.3 (18.0–21.64) 20.0 (17.4–21.3) 20.4 (17.4–22.4) 22.3 (19.2–23.3) 0.164
GLS (RV) 26.2 (18.7–33.7) 23 (19.2–26.6) 23.8 (19.7–27) 22.8 (18–34.4) 0.968

CI = Cardiac index; SVi = stroke volume index; TR = Tricuspidal regurgitation; GLS = Global strain; LVEF = Left ventricular ejection fraction.

Schoos et al.

Schoos et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2013 13:84   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-13-84

Open Data