Table 1

Criteria for ARF, definite, probable, possible, potential
Diagnosis Criteria
Definite ARF Australian modified Jones criteria for high risk populations (includes echocardiographic evidence of carditis and monoarthritis as major criteria) [1]
Probable ARF •Arthritis/arthralgia; and
•One or more of: temperature ≥ 38°C, C-reactive protein ≥ 30 mg/L, erythrocyte sedimentation rate ≥ 30 mm/h, prolonged P-R interval on ECG*; and
•GAS infection**; and
•No other diagnosis [28]
Possible ARF •Arthritis/arthralgia; and
•GAS infection**; and
•No other diagnosis
Potential ARF •Arthritis/athralgia; and
•No other diagnosis

*Upper limits of normal of P-R interval are: 3–12 years, 0.16s; 12–16 years, 0.18s; 17+ years, 0.20s [1].

**GAS infection is defined as throat swab positive for GAS on culture or serology consistent with recent GAS infection including elevated antistreptolysin O titre and antideoxyribonuclease B antibodies as outlined in the Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (2nd edition) [1].

Rémond et al.

Rémond et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012 12:111   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-12-111

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