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Open Access Case report

A case report of type VI dual left anterior descending coronary artery anomaly presenting with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Yonggu Lee, Young-Hyo Lim*, Jinho Shin and Kyung-Soo Kim

Author affiliations

Department of Cardiology, Hanyang University Hospital, Wangsipri Street 222, Seongdong-Gu, Seoul, South Korea

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Citation and License

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2012, 12:101  doi:10.1186/1471-2261-12-101

Published: 13 November 2012

Abstract

Background

Type VI dual left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a rare coronary anomaly, the first case of which has recently been described. This is the first report of type VI dual LAD anomaly in which the patient presented with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in the anomalously originating LAD.

Case presentation

A 52-year-old man with diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia presented with chest pain without ST elevation on EKG, although the patient’s troponin I level was elevated. Coronary angiography revealed a short LAD originating from the left main coronary artery and a long LAD originating from the proximal portion of the right coronary artery (RCA). Three-dimensional reconstruction of computed tomography of images revealed that the long LAD originated from the proximal RCA and coursed between the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and the aortic root before entering the mid anterior interventricular groove. The high take-off RCA originated underneath the RVOT, pointing downwards and forming an acute angle with the proximal portion of the long LAD. The anomalous long LAD displayed significant stenosis. We performed successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the anomalous artery.

Conclusion

With accurate understanding of the coronary anatomy and appropriate hardware selection, successful PCI can be performed in the in the long LAD in patients with type VI dual LAD anomaly.

Keywords:
Type VI dual LAD anomaly; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Computed tomographic coronary angiography