Table 1

Patient characteristics and outcome

Variable

AFB

(n = 75)

ANE

(n = 27)

AOD

(n = 48)

P


Age in years, median (IQR)

64 (57-72)

70 (64-75)

59(53-68)

<0.001c

Age group, n (%)

0.001a

65 years

36 (48)

20 (74)

16 (33)

< 65 years

39 (52)

7 (26)

32 (67)

Sex, n (%)

0.406b

Male

73 (97)

27(100)

46 (96)

Female

2 (3)

0 (0)

2 (4)

ASA physical status

0.174b

I/II

26 (35)

7 (26)

19 (40)

III/IV

49 (65)

20 (74)

29 (60)

Body Mass Index in Kg/m2, median (IQR)

24 (21-27)

26 (24-31)

23 (21-26)

0.004c

Duration of anaesthesia (min.), median (IQR)

300 (270-360)

300 (270-360)

300(264-357)

0.519c

Temperature at PACU admission, median (IQR)

34.5 (33.4-35.9)

34.2 (32.5-35.1)

34.8 (33.9-36.0)

0.029c

Troponin I at PACU admission, median (IQR)

0.09 (0.01-0.04)

0.04 (0.01-0.16)

0.01 (0.01-0.04)

0.029c

Hypertension, n (%)

55 (73)

23 (85)

32 (67)

0.068b

Hyperlipidemia, n (%)

37 (49)

16 (59)

21 (44)

0.197a

High-risk surgery, n (%)

75 (100)

27 (100)

48 (100)

-

Ischaemic heart disease, n (%)

32 (43)

11 (41)

21 (44)

0.800a

Congestive heart disease, n (%)

19 (25)

6 (22)

13 (27)

0.431b

Cerebrovascular disease, n (%)

7 (9)

1 (4)

6 (13)

0.204b

Renal insufficiency

3 (4)

1(4)

2 (4)

0.707b

Insulin therapy for diabetes, n (%)

3 (4)

1(4)

2 (4)

0.707b

Total RCRI

0.440a

≤ 2

35(47)

11 (41)

24 (50)

Katz scale, median (IQR)

0 (0-0)

0 (0-0)

0 (0-0)

0.459c

Dependency in I-ADL, n (%)

1 (1)

0 (0)

1 (2)

0.646b

Lawton I-ADL, median (IQR)

7 (7-7)

7 (7-7)

7 (7-7)

0.241c

Dependency in P-ADL, n (%)

6 (8)

1 (4)

5 (10)

0.290b

SAPS II, median (P25-75)

18 (13-27)

23 (18-33)

15 (12-22)

0.002c

APACHE II, median (IQR)

9 (7-13)

11 (8-15)

9 (6-11)

0.012c

PACU length of stay (hours), median (IQR)

44 (36-68)

43 (21-102)

44 (40-68)

0.603c

Hospital length of stay (days), median (IQR)

11 (8-28)

11 (8-24)

11 (8-30)

0.475c

Mortality in PACU, n (%)

3 (4)

0 (0)

3 (6)

0.256b

Mortality in hospital, n (%)

7 (9)

2 (7)

5 (10)

0.507b

Mortality at 6 months follow-up

9 (12)

4 (14)

5 (10)

0.414b


a Pearson χ2, b Fisher's exact test, cMann-Whitney U test, IQR, interquartile range

AFB, aorto-bifemoral bypass surgery; ANE, aneurysmatic disease; AOD, aortic occlusive disease

RCRI, Revised Cardiac Risk Index I-ADL, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; P-ADL, Personal Activities of Daily Living; SAPS II, Simplified Acute Physiology Score, APACHE II Acute Physiology & Chronic Health Evaluation PACU, Post Anaesthesia Care Unit; IQR, interquartile range

Abelha et al. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2010 10:15   doi:10.1186/1471-2261-10-15

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