Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Predictors of mortality among bacteremic patients with septic shock receiving appropriate antimicrobial therapy

David D Leedahl1, Heather A Personett2, Ognjen Gajic2, Rahul Kashyap2 and Garrett E Schramm2*

Author Affiliations

1 Pharmacy Services (DDL), Sanford Medical Center, 801 Broadway, Fargo, ND 58122, USA

2 Pharmacy Services (HAP, GES), and Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (OG and RK), Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

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BMC Anesthesiology 2014, 14:21  doi:10.1186/1471-2253-14-21

Published: 25 March 2014



Factors capable of impacting hospital mortality in patients with septic shock remain uncertain. Our objective was to identify predictors of hospital mortality among patients who received appropriate antimicrobial therapy for bacteremic septic shock after accounting for severity of illness, resuscitation status, and processes of care.


We conducted a secondary subgroup analysis of a prospective severe sepsis cohort study. Patients with septic shock and positive blood cultures who received appropriate antimicrobial therapy were included. Univariable analyses were used to identify differences between hospital survivors and non-survivors, and a multivariable logistic regression model revealed independent determinants of hospital mortality.


From January 2008 to December 2010, 58 of 224 included patients died in the hospital. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated 2 independent predictors of hospital mortality. These included continuous renal replacement therapy utilization within 48 hours of septic shock recognition (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 5.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.94-16.34) and intra-abdominal infection (adjusted OR, 3.92; 95% CI, 1.47-10.79). Escherichia coli was independently associated with a lower risk of hospital mortality (adjusted OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.11-0.90).


Intra-abdominal infection and continuous renal replacement therapy were associated with increased hospital mortality in patients with septic shock who received appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Our findings may be explained by suboptimal intra-abdominal infection management or inadequate antimicrobial concentration in these patients.

Septic shock; Bacteremia; Antimicrobials; Outcome; Hospital mortality