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Efficacy and safety of ondansetron in preventing postanesthesia shivering: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Hong-Tao Tie1, Guang-Zhu Su2*, Kun He2, Shao-Rong Liang2, Hao-Wei Yuan1 and Jun-Huan Mou1

Author Affiliations

1 The First College of Clinical Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China

2 Department of Pharmacy, Jinan Central Hospital, Jinan 250013, Shandong, China

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BMC Anesthesiology 2014, 14:12  doi:10.1186/1471-2253-14-12

Published: 3 March 2014



Shivering is a very common complication in the postanesthesia period. Increasing studies have reported ondansetron may be effective in prevention of postanesthesia shivering (PAS). However, the results remained controversial; hence we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ondansetron on the prevention of postanesthesia shivering.


PubMed and Embase databases were searched to identify the eligible randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of ondansetron on the prevention of PAS. Results were expressed as risk ratios (RRs) with accompanying 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The meta-analysis was performed with fixed-effect model or random-effect model according to the heterogeneity.


Six trials including 533 subjects were included. Compared with placebo, ondansetron was associated with a significant reduction of PAS (RR 0.43, 95% CI, 0.27-0.70), without an increased risk of bradycardia (RR 0.37, 95% CI, 0.12-1.15). Compared with meperidine, no difference was observed in the incidence of PAS (RR 0.68, 95% CI, 0.39-1.19) and bradycardia (RR 2.0, 95% CI, 0.38-10.64).


Ondansetron has a preventive effect on PAS without a paralleled side effect of bradycardia.

Qndansetron; Postanesthesia shivering; Meta-analysis