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Open Access Research article

Jasmonate-dependent plant defense restricts thrips performance and preference

Hiroshi Abe1*, Takeshi Shimoda2, Jun Ohnishi3, Soichi Kugimiya4, Mari Narusaka5, Shigemi Seo6, Yoshihiro Narusaka5, Shinya Tsuda2 and Masatomo Kobayashi1

Author Affiliations

1 Experimental Plant Division, RIKEN BioResource Center, Tsukuba 305-0074, Japan

2 National Agricultural Research Center, Tsukuba 305-8666, Japan

3 National Institute of Vegetable and Tea Science, Tsu 514-2392, Japan

4 National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Tsukuba 305-8604, Japan

5 Research Institute for Biological Sciences, Okayama 716-1241, Japan

6 National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Tsukuba 305-8666, Japan

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BMC Plant Biology 2009, 9:97  doi:10.1186/1471-2229-9-97

Published: 27 July 2009

Abstract

Background

The western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis [Pergande]) is one of the most important insect herbivores of cultivated plants. However, no pesticide provides complete control of this species, and insecticide resistance has emerged around the world. We previously reported the important role of jasmonate (JA) in the plant's immediate response to thrips feeding by using an Arabidopsis leaf disc system. In this study, as the first step toward practical use of JA in thrips control, we analyzed the effect of JA-regulated Arabidopsis defense at the whole plant level on thrips behavior and life cycle at the population level over an extended period. We also studied the effectiveness of JA-regulated plant defense on thrips damage in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis).

Results

Thrips oviposited more on Arabidopsis JA-insensitive coi1-1 mutants than on WT plants, and the population density of the following thrips generation increased on coi1-1 mutants. Moreover, thrips preferred coi1-1 mutants more than WT plants. Application of JA to WT plants before thrips attack decreased the thrips population. To analyze these important functions of JA in a brassica crop plant, we analyzed the expression of marker genes for JA response in B. rapa. Thrips feeding induced expression of these marker genes and significantly increased the JA content in B. rapa. Application of JA to B. rapa enhanced plant resistance to thrips, restricted oviposition, and reduced the population density of the following generation.

Conclusion

Our results indicate that the JA-regulated plant defense restricts thrips performance and preference, and plays an important role in the resistance of Arabidopsis and B. rapa to thrips damage.