Table 2

Regulatory elements involved in stress-, pathogen- and embryogenesis-responsiveness in grapevineDHNpromoter regions
Cis-element Sequence Number ofcis-elements* Function References
DHN1 DHN2 DHN3 DHN4
ABRE CACGTG 4/4 6/6 0/1 2/2 Abscisic acid responsiveness [37]
DRE ACCGAC 1/1 1/1 0/0 0/0 Drought and cold responsiveness [38]
HSE AGAAAATTCG 1/2 0/0 0/0 0/0 Heat stress responsiveness [39]
LTR CCGAAA 1/1 0/0 0/0 0/0 Low-temperature responsiveness [40]
TC-rich repeats ATTTTCTTCA 0/0 0/0 2/2 0/0 Stress and defense responsiveness [41]
MeJA-RE CGTCA 1/1 2/3 0/0 1/1 MeJA-responsiveness [42]
TCA element CCATCTTTTT 1/1 1/0 0/0 1/1 Salicylic acid responsiveness [43]
Skn-1_motif GTCAT 2/2 1/1 1/1 2/1 Endosperm expression [44]

* The first number indicates the number of cis-regulatory elements within the V. yeshanensis DHN promoter while the second number indicates the number of cis-regulatory elements within the V. vinifera DHN promoter.

Yang et al.

Yang et al. BMC Plant Biology 2012 12:140   doi:10.1186/1471-2229-12-140

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